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110 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What were the greater empahsis put on in Middle Ages?
God (religion), King, Fair Lady
What was the only true way to find real joy?
a devotion to god
What were the 2 main politics during the Middle Ages?
Dictatorship and Feudalism
What did most literatur have in it?
some type of Quest
Loyalty, honor, courage, and spiritual perfection
What was the main religion of Rome?
Roman Catholic Church
What were the Crusades?
A military expedtion to recapture Jerusalem from Muhammad.
When did the Crusades begin?
in 1096
What was the Magna Carta?
the king was forced to sign it, it changed the pope power and powers of the king
A battle took place in _______ that changed the course of history.
Duke __________ from France defeated _____________.
William, King Harold
Who was King Harold king to?
Anglo-Saxon king
It was called the Battle of _____________.
The French leader became known as _____________________.
William the Conqueror
William introduced _______________.
What was feudalism?
social, economic and political system
Land, Noble/Overlords/Barons, Knights, Serfs/peasants
The ranking of people in the Middle Ages
How did women treat men during this period?
always subservient to males
What did peasants do during this time period?
child bearing, field work, house work
What did higher class do during this time period?
child bearing, house supervision
Who was one important English participant during the Crusades?
Richard the Lion-Hearted
In _____ the Norman line ended.
Who took over the throne after the Norman line ended?
Henry II (Plantagenet line)
What 2 major things did Henry II accomplish?
Increased noble power. Helped murder Thomas a' Becket (archbishop of Canterbury)
Name the 3 characteristics of King Richard.
Lion-Hearted, True Knight, Gave $ to poor.
Name the 2 characteristics of King John.
Weak & Evil, Signed Magna Carta
How was Edward I as a king?
a successful king
How was Edward II as a king?
a terrible king
What 2 things happened during Edward III reign?
English became the main language, Parliament divided
Richard II was forced to _____________.
abdicate (resign)
What was Henry V nickname?
Prince Hal
What did Henry V do during his reign?
Lead the victory over the French to help end the 100 Years War.
What was wrong with Henry VI?
He was insane.
Who took over the throne while Henry VI was trying to become sane?
Duke of York
Who was fighting in the War of Roses?
Lancaster (red roses) and Yorks (white roses)
_______________ never returned to the throne.
_________ line took charge of the crown.
What did Edward IV start during his reign?
Helped start the writing and printing of literature.
How old was Edward V when he began his reign?
12 years old
Who had Edward V imprisoned in the Tower of London?
Richard III (Uncle Richard)
What happened to Richard III when he was king?
Took ove the throne, went to battle and got killed.
When does the Middle Ages come to an end?
When Henry VII took over the throne what line of kings began?
From 1348-1349, what happened?
The Black Plague
How many people did the Black Plague kill?
1/3 of the population
What started the Black Plague?
Rats and fleas carried the plague
What were the types of narrative poems?
Epics, Romances, Ballads
What happened in 1167?
Oxford University was founded
What happened in 1170?
Thomas a' Becket was murdered
What happened in 1388?
Wycliff translated the Bible
What happened in 1476?
Caxton started his printing press
Who was the greatest English poet of the Middle Ages?
Geoffrey Chaucer
Geoffrey Chaucer:

-_________ and trained well
-Captured during the ____ Years War
-Member of ______________
-Son of wealthy __________________
-Married a Queen's ______________________
-Buried in _________ __________ in Westminster Abbey
-wine merchant
-Poet's Corner
Name the 3 characteristics of Canterbury Tales.
-Never completed
-One of the greatest works of all time
-written in iambic pentameter
What was "divine providence believing they were born what they were supposed to be?"
Chaucer's System of Belief
1. What month does Canterbury Tales begin?
2. How many pilgrims are there altogether?
3. How is spring described?
4. Why is Thomas a' Becket so revered by the pilgrims?
5. Line 20 tells us the narroator's point of view. What is it?
6. Why are the qualities listed in lines 45 and 46 honorable?
1. April
2. 29 plus Chaucer
3. flowers, sunny
4. he was murdered
5. first person
6. they are good morals
1. The Knight has fought numerous actual battles during the Crusades. What does this tell us about his character?
2. How does his behavior at court contrast with that on the battle field?
3. How is the Knight dressed?
1. He's brave, he's good at what he does
2. He's a nice guy
3. A tunic, stained with blood and dirt
1. How is the Squire different from his father?
2. Which details illustrate his vanity?
3. What are his chief accomplishments?
1. He is more interested in women and concerned ab out his looks
2. He sings and writes poems
3. Getting a lady and has been a few battles
1. What is the yeoman's job?
2. How does the description of the yeoman convey his efficiency and profession alism?
1. The servant to the knight and squire
2. He had everything in its place and shined
1. What is a "prioress"?
2. What is wrong with the Prioress' attitude toward her dogs?
3. What impression does Prioress make on the reader?
4. How does Chaucer force us to make a judgement about the Prioress? Is she described more strongly as a nun or a woman? Explain.
1. A nun
2. She spoiled them
3. She is not a true nun
4. A woman because of the braclet (love conquerors all)
1. What is a typical monk's existence like?
2. Does Monk follow the strict rules of the St. Benedict Brothers? Explain.
3. How does Monk feel about monastic life?
4. What point is Chaucer making when he describes the Monk's physical appearance in lines 197-211?
5. Do you think the Monk observed a vow of poverty?
1. He was danity and neat and he hunted
2. No, he was more spacious of the modern world
3. He doesn't agree with all the rules, he makes his own rules
4. He was dressed nice with the finest things in the land
5. No, because he had expensive stuff on his clothes
a.What does Friar do with girlfriends he has grown tired of
b.What can you infer about Friar's character or "heart conditions"
c.How is a friar different from a monk?
d.In what ways is the conduct of a monk's life in conflict with the principles of his order?
e.What is significant about the way the friar dresses?
a.he would __ them a wife
b.he was a drunk and got around, greedy
c.a friar lsitens to confessions and the monk stays away ...friars lived in cities and begged for a living
d. he is a drunk and doesn't give his full life to God
e. its fancy good clothes
a. Why does Chaucer think it's important to comment on the fact that he doesn't know the merchant's name?
b. What is Chaucer's attitue toward the merchant?
a. he is the rising middle class and so he is saying that he didn't have a place for him
b. the appearance of wealth is better than honesty
a. What is a cleric?
b. How does the Cleric epitomize a typical student?
c. Why was it significant that Cleric has 20 books?
d. How does Cleric repay his benefactors and why is this method improtant?
a. a student perparing for priesthood.
b. he was real thin and tons of books and not social
c. he would rather have books than food or clothing
d. he prayed for them
Method is important because it inserts Christianity in this time period
The Cleric thins that ...
he is too good for the world
How is Chaucer's attitude toward the lawyer conveyed?
He looks busier and smarter than he really is
a. What is a "franklin"
b. Franklin has made a religion of sorts out of what?
c. What sort of humor does Chaucer employ in describing the Franklin?
a. a wealthy landowner but not from Noble birth
b. he pleasures himself with praising Epicurus
c. he said he was a sanguine (sarcasim)
a. Why does the Wife of Bath go traveling?
b. What is significant about the fact that she has been married 5 times?
c. Describe this lady.
d. What happens when any one in the church tries to be the first in line, other than the Wife of Bath?
a. she wove stuff for the travelers, she wants to see the country, to find husbands
b. she probably was a slut
c. she is gapped toothed and a large lady
d. if you stepped in her way she would get mad
a. How is the parson different from the other churchmen we have met?
b. What is the contrast between Parson adn Wife of Bath?
c. What is the significance of the question,"..if gold rust, then what will iron do?"
d. What qualities does the Parson possess?
a. he wasn't rich and actually followed God's laws
b. they both did good deeds to people
c. if good thinks rust bad things will too
d. he taught people about God and followed it himself
a. What is a plowman?
b. What does the plowman represent?
a. he was a farmer
b. a good Chrisitian
a. What is a miller
b. How does the miller's appearance reveal his moral fiber?
c. How does Miller cheat when weighing grain?
a. he cuts grain
b. he works at his job every day and gets stronger
c. he felt it with his thumb and took 3 times what was his
a. What does the "reeve" do?
b. Is the reeve totally honest or does he skim profits? How do you know?
c. How does Chaucer convey Reeve's craftiness?
d. Why might the Reeve ride last?
a. he watches for robbery and a manager for a large estate
b. he is wise in his decisons he is known to hide things
c. he's sly
d. if anybody drops anything he can keep it
a. What is a "summoner"?
a. gives people letters and calls on people
b. What is a "pardoner"?
c. How can an individual be absolved from sin?
d. How does his disheveled appearance reflect his inner depravity?
e. Why is it ironic that the Pardoner sings the offertory song?
b. sells pardons
c. by a pardon or indulgence
d. he is messed up on the outside and inside
e. he want to be noticed by the people and get money for singing for the church
Where has the narrator stopped to eat and sleep
The Tabard Inn
Whis is the host if the inn? What does he suggest?
Harry Bailey who is really nice helpful person.
Suggests to hurry to Cantervury
Who will be the judge and what is the prize?
the host will be the judge

prize is a good meal
How do they decide who will go first?
They had a draw
Which 3 pilgrims are presentd as the most virtuous members of the group?
parson, cleric, knight plowman
(is that 4?)
How many stories must each pilgrim tell on the trip to Canterury and how many stores on the way back?
2 and 2
According to the narrator, the Friar gave absolution to sinners only if they...
gave him money
The Summoner's physical appearance could best be described as
The pilgrim who tells the best tale during the journey will be rewarded with
a free dinner at the end of the pilgrimage
Who will be the judge who decides on the best story?
the innkeeper
People who are FRUGAL are
not wasteful
A look of DISDAIN communicates a person's
If you DEFER making a payment, you
postpone the payment
A ____________________ could be descried as a MALADY.
a headache
An EMINENT politician is one who
stands out
saunter serenely
stroll sedately
voracious vermin
ravenous rodents
acquire avarice
get greedy
castigate cockers
scold spaniels
considerable covetousness
great grasping for gain
pal with pallor
colorless comrade
approval of
urge irresitably
to consider worthy of one's dignity
a sense of carefulness and restraint in one's actions or words
born of parents who are legally married
to make it one's duty to act
bold behavior
express disapproval of
Why does Federigo spend far beyond his means?
he tries to impress Monna Giovanna
What is the central conflict between Monna and Federigo?
he can't please her
What is the central Irony on page 174?
he is broke because of her and he says he didn't even notice
Dramatic irony on page 175
she ate the bird
the reader knows she is eating the bird and she is about to ask for...
Why does Monna marry Federigo
*her brothers urge her to remarry
*he was nice enough and kind