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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Taking control of your conscious thought

1. extract main idea
2. consider the world and break into parts
3. go beyond the literal meaning
4. add prior knowledge & experience
5. evaluate: judge
Critical Thinking

1. Summarize -
2. Analyze -
3. Interpret -
4. Synthesize -
5. Assess Critically -
_________________ Describes the relationship between one even (cause) and another even that happens as a result (effect)
Cause & Effect
_________________ Moves from specific to general
Inductive Reasoning
_________________ Moves from general claims to a specific instance
Deductive Reasoning
- Structure includes two premises and a conclusion
- Structure is known as a syllogism
Three-part Structure
Flaws in reasoning that lead to illogical statement
Logical Fallacies
__________________ Attacking the person making the argument rather than the argument inself
Ad Hominem (Argument to the Person)
__________________ Draws conclusions from inadequate evidence
Hasty Generalization
_________________ draws a comparison in which the difference outweigh the similarities or the similarities are irrelevant
False Anology
_________________ tries to offer proof by simply using another version of the argument itself.
Begging the Question (circular reasoning)
_________________ reaches a conclusion that does not logically follow the premise
Irrelevant Arguement (non-secuitar)
_________________ assumes that because two events are related in time. the first causes the second.
false cause (post hoc. ergo proctor hoc.)
_________________ uses two premises that can't both be true at the same time.
self contradiction
________________ tries to distract attention from one issue by introducing a second that's unrelated to the first
Red Herring (ignoring the question)
________________ means that a person's arguments, ideas, or opinions lack merit because of that person's activities.
Guilt by Association