Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/39

Click to flip

39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Allegory
The device of using character and/or elements symbolically to represent an abstraction in addition to the literal meaning
Allusion
A direct or indirect reference to something which is presumable commonly known, such as an event, book, myth, place, or work of art
Antecedent
The word, phrase, or clause referred to by a pronoun.
Antithesis
the opposition of contrast of ideas; the direct opposite.
Aphorism
A terse statement of known authorship which expresses a general truth or a moral principle.
Clause
A grammatical unit that contains boh a subject and a verb. An independent, or main, clause expresses a complete thought and can stand alsone as a sentence
Colloquial/colloqialism
the use of slang or informalities in speech or writing. Not generally acceptable for formal writing,
Connotation
The non-literal, associative meaning of a word; the implied, suggested meaning. Connotiations may involve ideas, emotions, or attitudes
Denotation
The strict, literal, dictionary definition of a word, devoid of any emotion, attitude, or color.
Diction
writer's word choices
Didactic
From the Greek, didactic literraly means "teaching" didactic words have the primary aim of teaching or instructin, expecially the teaching of moral or ethical principles
Ethos
an appeal based on the character of the speaker
extended metaphor
a metaphor developed at great length, occuring frequently in or throughout a work
inference/infer
to draw a reasonable conclusion from the information presented
invective
an emotionally violent, verbal denunciation or attack using strong, abusive language.
Irony/ironic
The contrast between what is stated explicitly and what is really meant, or the difference between what appears to be and what is actually true. verbal, situational, dramatic
logos
an appeal based on logic or reason
metaphor
a figure of speech using implied comparison of seemingly unlike things or the substitution of one for the other
metonymy
A term from the Greek meaning :changed label" or "substitute name" metonymy is a figure of speech in which the name of one object is substituted for that of another closely associated with it.
narrative
the telling of a story or an account of an event or series of events.
oxymoron
figure of speech wherein the author groups apparently contradictory terms to suggest a paradox.ex. jumbo shrimp, cruel kindness
paradox
a statement that appears to be self-contradictory or opposed to common sense but upon closer inspection contains some degree of truth or validity Ex. It was the best of times, it was the worst of times
parallelism
also referred to as paralles construction of parallel structure, this term comes from Greek roots meaning "beside one another" "ask not what your countyr can do for you but what you can do for your country
anaphora
a sub type of parallelism, when the exact repetition of words or phrases at the beginning of successive lines of sentences. MLK used anaphora in his famous"I Have a Dream" speech
parody
a work that closely imitates the style or content of another with the specific aim of comic effect and/or ridicule
pathos
an appeal based on emotion
pedantic
an adjective that describes words, phrases, or general tone that is overly scholarly, academic, or bookish "show offy"
periodic sentence
sentence that presents its central meaning in a main clause at the end,"after a long, bumpy flight and miltiple delays, I arrived at the San Diego airport
rhetoric
Greek-"orator" this term describes the principles governing the art of writing effectively, eloquently, and persuasively
satire
work that targets human vices and follies or social institution and conventions for reform or ridicule
style
an evaluation of the sum of the choices an author makes in blending diction, syntax, figurative language, and other literary devices
syllogism
greek-"reckonging together" a deductive system of formal logic that presents two premises, that inevitagbly lead to a sound conclusion. : major premise:all men are mortal, minor premise: Socrates is a man,conclusoin: therefore, Socrates is a mortal
synecdoche
a figure of speech in which a part of something is used to represent the whole or, occasionally, the whole is used to represent a part: sail:boat, wheels:car,the strings:orchestra
synesthesia
when one kind of sensory stimulus evokes the subjective experience of another: lit.-refers to the practice of associating two or more different senses in the same image: "taste the pain
syntax
the way an wuthor chooses to join words into phrases, clauses,and sentences: sentence structure
theme
central idea or message of a work, the insight it offers into life. Usually theme is unstated in fictional works, but in nonfiction, the theme may be directly state, especially in expository or argumentative writing
tone
similar to mood, tone describes the author's attitude toward his material, the audience, or both
transition
a word or phrase that links differedt ideas
understatement
the ironic minimalizing of fact, understatement presents soemthing as less significant that it is. effect can be humorous and emphatic