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43 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
protagonist
the central character of a drama, short story, or narative poem
antagonist
a person or force opposing the protagonist
elegy
a poem of mourning, usually over the death of an individual
anecdote
a brief story about an interestig, amusing, or strange event
parody
a humorous imitation (can be of the plot, character, or writing style/theme)
polemic
an aggressive attack on or a refutation of the opinions or principles of another
raconteur
a person who excels in telling stories
aphorism
a concise, pointed statement expressing a wise or clever observation about life
epic
a long narrative poem telling about the deeds of a great hero and reflecting the values of the society from which it originated
satire
a kind of writing that ridicules or holds up to contempt the weaknesses and wrongdoings of individuals, groups, institutions, or humanity in general
stereotype
an oversimplified mental picture of a person, group, or institution
oratory
the art of public speaking
parable
a short story that teaches a lesson or illustrates a moral truth
paradox
a statement that seems to be contradictory but is nevertheless true
irony
a contrast between what is stated and what is really meant, or between what is expected to happen and what actually happens
vernacular
the ordinary language of the people living in a particular region or with a particular group
fable
a brief story, usually with animal characters, that teaches a moral lesson
eulogy
a statement or speech praising someone or something
foil
a person or thing that, by strong contrast, underscores or enhances the distinctive characteristics of another person or thing
skit
a short humorous or satirical play or piece of writing
antecedent
That which goes before, especially the word, phrase, or clause to which a pronoun refers.
clause
A group of words containing a subject and tis verb that may or may not be a complete sentence.
ellipsis
The omission of a word or several words necessary for a complete construction that is stilll understandable.
imperative
The mood of a verb that gives an order.
modify
To restrict or limit in meaning.
parallel structure
A similar grammatical structure within a sentence or within a paragraph.
periodic sentence
A sentence grammatically complete only at the end.
syntax
The structure of a sentence.
naturalism
emphasis on instinctual nature of humans
Zola, novel "slice of life"
realism
attempt to give the illusion of ordinary life
surrealism
expresses thought uncrontrolled by reason and aesthetic and moral concepts
1924 under Andre Breton
existentialism
emphasizes freedom and importance of individual "existance" and personality and distrusts idealism; man determines his own destiny by the choices he makes
catharsis
purging that Aristotle thought the special effect of tragedy
dramatic irony
has one meaning for the character, another for the audience
epigraph
an apposite quotation at the begining of a book
pathos
feeling of sympathy arounsed by literature
bathos
when an author, striving for elevation, falls far short
sensibility
entire complex of thoughts, feelings, and suppositions characteristic of an age
encomium
warm or glorious praise
set speech
a long speed in which only one person is speaking
persona
the person who is understood to be speaking (or thinking or writing) a particular work. The persona is sually distict form the author
didactic
intended to convey moral instruction and/or information
soliloquy
a monologue that gives the illusion of being a series of unspoken reflections; the actor directly addresses the audience and speaks