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61 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Denotation
The dictionary definiton of a word
Connotation
The suggested or implied meaning of a word
Colloquialism
A conversational, familar, or informal expression
Slang
informal, non-standard vocabulary including current expressions-often short lived
Cliche
an overused expression of phrase
Euphemism
A softened, bland, vague, or totally inoffensive expression used in place of one that may suggest something unpleasant

EX- Pleasantly Plump instead of overweight
Jargon
The special vocabulary of a certain activity or group; technical langugage used by a trade or profession
Dialect
A regional variety of a langugage-- the form of a spoken language peculair to a region
Idiom
An accepted phrase or expression having a meaning differnt from the literal definition
Figurative Langugage
Expressions that form pictures and/or use imagery; not literal

EX-A Metaphor or Simily
Metaphor
Comparison of 2 unlike things
Simile
Comparison using like or as
Symbol
Something that stands for something beyond itself
Image
A word or phrase that appeals to one or more of the 5 senses
Imagery
Descriptive language used to re-create senory experiances; words that paint a picture
Personification
Human qualites given to things that are not human
Hyperbole
Deliberate exaggeration for effect
Alliteration
Repition of initial sounds in a line of poetry

EX- Joe jumped for joy in January
Assonance
Repetition of vowel sounds in a line of poetry

EX- They hate to wait and the gait
Consonance
Repetition of consonant sounds throughout a line of poetry

EX- The splendor falls on castle walls
Onomatopoeia
Words which imitate sounds
Rhythm
The pattern of beats, or stresses in spoken or written language
Rhyme
The repetition of sounds at the end of words
Meter
The rhythmical pattern of a poem
Refrain
A regularly repeated line or group of lines in a poem or song
Stanza
A group of lines in a poem, considered as a unit
Tone
The poet's attitude toward a subject--Conveyed through rhythms, sounds, dictions
Plot
What happens- a pattern of carefully selected events that contain a conflict
Rising Action
The series of conflicts which build toward a climax
Climax
The plot's most intense event- the high point or turning point
Falling Actions
The part after the climax that leads to the resolution of the conflict
Denouement
The final solution or outcome of the story
Setting
Time and place of the story, the social environment of the characters
Characterization

Flat and Round Characters
The author's presentation of characters

Flat- 1 or 2 personality traits

Round- multiple personality traits
Narrator
The person telling the story
Point of View
`The position from which a story is narrated
Omniscient P.O.V
All knowing narrator
1st person
One of the characters tells the story from his/her own perspective
3rd person
The writer follows the characters as we would in real life
Conflict
A problem occuring within a characters mind or heart or between individuals or between individuals and the world

(person vs. person, person vs. nature, person vs. society, person vs himself, person vs. fate)
Theme
The central idea of a work
Allusion
Reference to art, history, culture, mythology, religion in a work of literature
Diction
The writers choice of words
Irony
The opposite of what is expected
Paradox
A seeming contradiction that contains and element of truth
Epiphany
A sudden revelation of truth
Genre
A divison or type of literature
Protagonist
The main character of the story
Antagonist
The person or thing working against the protagonist
Mood
The feeling of a piece of literature generates
Motif
An often repeated character, incident, or idea
Moral
The particular value or lesson the author is trying to get across to the reader
Local Color
The use of details which are common in a certain region or section of the country
Realism
Literature which attempts to represent life as it really is by paying close attention to what otherwise might be insignificant details
Sarcasm
The use of praise to mock someone or something
Satire
A literary tone used to ridicule or make fun of human vice or weakness
Tragedy
A literary work in which the hero is destroyed by some flaw within his character and by forced which he cannot control
Tragic Hero
The character who experiences an inner struggle becuase of some flaw within his character. That struggle ends in his defeat
Foreshadowing
A clue or hint given to a future event
Flashback
A sections of a literary work that interups the sequence of events to relate an event from an earlier time
Flashforward
A section of literary work that interrupts the sequence of events to relate or mention an event which will occur in the future