Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/45

Click to flip

45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Humanism
way of life that focuses on human value and intrests
Nationalism
sense of national identity and pride
Renaissance Man
a man who is a master of many fields
Sonnet Sequence
a group of sonnets linked by subject matter or theme, and following certain conventions

ex: Astrophel and Stella by Sir Philip Sidney
Spenserian sonnet
14 lines
iambic pentameter
abab bcbc cdcd ee
interlocking rhyme
Petrarchan/Italian Sonnet
14 lines
iambic pentameter
abba
abba
cddeed/cdcdcd/cddcee/cdcdee/cdecde/ccddee/cdccdd
Shakespearean/English Sonnet
14 lines
iambic pentameter
abab
cdcd
efef
gg
Apostrophe
direct address to someoe or something that can't answer

ex: Sonnet 31

"With how sad steps, O Moon, thou climb'st the skies!"
talking to the moon
volta
the turn
-turning point in the poem
shift in focus
always in 2nd half of the poem after line 8 or 12
eye or sight rhyme
looks like it rhymes

ex:Sonnet 31
"Leaves, lines, and rhymes, seek her to please alone,
Whom if ye please, I care for other none."
Assonence
repeated vowel sounds

ex: Sonnet 1 by edmund spenser

And hAppy rhymes bAthed in the sAcred brook
Consonance
repeated consonant sounds

ex:Sonnet 1

"my Soul'S long lacked food, my heaven'S bliSS
Pastoral
lyrics that celebrate a simple life in the country

ex:The Shepard to His Love
the shepard asks another girl to go with him and live in the simple life of the shephard life with pretty flowers in the spring
connotation
emotional over tones that accompany a word

in Utopia by Thomas More
he talks about sloth, the denotaion would be laziness and idleness,

the connotation would be a lazy negative person
denotation
dictionary definition
charged language
words with strong positive or negative connotations used to evoke emotion

ex: "I know i have the body of a weak and feeble woman; but I have the heart of a king and of a king of england, too..."

Elizabeth's speech before her troops
Madrigal
love songs sung in harmonized voices without instruments
Rhetorical Question
asked for effect no answer expected

ex: "WHO quarrel more than beggars do.?"
sir thomas more Utopia
paradox
situation when seems contradictory but true

ex: Sonnet 35

"...so plenty makes me poor"
oxymoron
contradictory phrase

ex: sonnet 39

The poor man's wealth, the prisoner's release..."
Antithetical structure
parallel phrases or clauses in which both positive and negative forms appear

ex: Sonnet 35

"But having pine and having not complain.
For lacking it they cannot life sustain,
And having it they gaze on it the more:"
1485
end of war of the roses, start of tudor dynasty
1492
columbus arrives in north america
1517
luther's 95 theses, starts protestant reformation
1534
Act of Supremacy
1564
shakespeare born
1588
spanish armada defeated
1599
globe theater built
1603
queen elizabeth dies, james 1 crowned
1616
shakespeare dies
parallel structure
in which 2 or more similar sentence constituents are used in a row
parallel structure makes her speech sound more powerful
ex: "i myself will take up arms; i myself will be your general judge..."
Renaissance
rebirth/revive of civilization
inverted syntax
a change in order of the words in a sentence to make the rhyme scheme work
slant rhyme
a word that does not look like it rhymes with the other word, yet when pronounced, they both rhyme

ex:"My hungry eyes through greedy covetize,
...With no contentment can themselves suffice:"

Edumnd spenser Sonnet 35
personification
a non human subject is given human characteristics
reasoned arguement
the use of one idea to logically support another
"Happy ye leaves when as those lily hands,
Which hold my life in their dead doing might,
Shall handle you and hold in love's soft bands,
Like captives trembling at the victor's sight,
And happy lines, on which with starry light,
Those lamping eyes will deign sometimes to look
And read the sorrows of my dying spright,
Written with tears in heart's close bleeding book.
And happy rhymes bathed in the sacred brook
Of Helicon whence she derived is,
When ye behold that angel's blessed look,
My soul's long lacked food, my heaven's bliss.
Leaves, lines, and rhymes, seek her to please alone,
Whom if ye please, I care for other none."
Edmund Spenser
Sonnet 1
"My hungry eyes through greedy covetize,
Still to behold the object of their pain,
With no contentment can themselves suffice:
But having pine and having not complain.
For lacking it they cannot life sustain,
And having it they gaze on it the more:
In their amazement like Narcissus vain
Whose eyes him starved: so pleanty makes me poor.
Yet are mine eyes so filled with the store
Of that fair sight, that nothing else they brook,
But loathe the things which they did like before,
And can no more endure on them to look.
All this world's glory seemeth vain to me,
And all their shows but shadows, saving she.
Edmund Spenser Sonnet 35 the eyes one
"One day i wrote her name upon the strand,
But came the waves and washed it away:
Again I wrote it with a second hand,
But came the tide and made my pains his prey.
"Vain man," said she, "that dost in vain assay,
A mortal thing so to immortalize,
For i myself shall like to this decay,
And eek my name be wiped out likeise."
"Not so," quod I, "let baser things devise
To die in dust, but you shall live bye fame:
My verse your virtues rare shall eternize,
And in the heavens write your glorious name.
Where whenas death shall all the world subdue,
Our love shall live, and later life renew."
Edmund spenser 75 sand one
"With how sad steps, O Moon, thou climb'st the skies!
How silently, and with how wan a face!
What, may it be that even in heavenly place
That busy archer his sharp arrows tries?
Sure, if that long-with-love-acquainted eyes
Can judge of love, thou feel'st a lover's case.
I read it in they looks, thy languished grace,
To me, that feel the like, thy state descries.
Then even of fellowship, O Moon, tell me
Is constnat love deemed there but want of wit?
Are beauties there as proud as here they be?
Do they above love to be loved, and yet
Those lovers scron whom that love doth possess?
Do they call virtue there ungratefulness?
Sonnet 31 Sir Philip Sidney
"Come sleep! O sleep, the certain knot of peace,
The baiting place of wit, the balm of woe,
The poor man's wealth, the prisoner's release,
The indifferent judge between the high and low;
With shield of proof shield me from out the prease
Of those fierce darts Despair at me doth throw:
O make in me those civil wars to cease;
I will good tribute pay, if thou do so.
Take thou of me smooth pillows, sweetest bed,
A chamber deaf to noise, and blind to light,
A rose garland, and a weary head:
And iff these things, as being thine by right,
Move not thy heavy grace, thou shalt in me
Livelier than elsewhere, Stella's image see.
Sonnet 39 Sir Philip Sidney
"When in disgrace with fortune and men's eyes,
I all alone beweep my outcast state,
And trouble deaf heaven with my bootless cries,
And look upon myself and curse my fate,
Wishing me like to one more rich in hope,
Featured like him, like him with friends possessed,
Desiring this man's art, and that man's scope,
With what I most enjoy contented least,.
Yet in these thoughts myself almost despising,
Haply I think on thee, and then my state,
Like to the lark at break of day arising
From sullen earth, sings hymns at heaven's gate:
For thy sweet love remembered such wealth brings
That then i scorn to change my state with kings.
William Shakespeare Sonnet 29
"When in the chronicle of wasted time
I see descriptions of the fairest wights,
And beauty making beautiful old rhyme,
In praise of ladies dead and lovely knights.
THen in the blazon of sweet beauty's best
Of hand, of foot, of lip, of eye, of brow,
I see their antique pen would have expresse'd
Even such a beauty as you master now.
So all their praises are but prophecies
Of this our time, all you prefiguring:
And, for they look'd but with divining eyes,
They had not skill enough your worth to sing:
For we, which now behold these present days
Have eyes to wonder, but lack tongues to praise
William Shakespear Sonnet 106
Let me not to the marriage of true minds
Admid impediments. Love is not love
Which alters when it alteration finds,
Or bends with the remover to remove.
On, no! It is an ever-fixed mark
That loks on tempest and is never shaken;
It is the star to evry wandering bark,
Whose worth's unknown, although his height be taken.
Love's not Time's fool, though rosy lips and cheeks
Within his bending sickle's compass come;
Love alters not with his brief hours and weeks,
But bears it out even to the edge of doom.
If this be error, and upon me proved,
I never writ, nor no man ever loved.
William Shakespeare Sonnet 116
My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun.
Coral is far more red than her lips' red;
If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun;
If hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head.
I have seen roses damasked, red and white,
But no such roses see I in her cheeks;
And in some perfumes is there more delight
Than in the breath that from my mistress reeks.
I love to hear her speak. Yet well i know
That music hat a far more pleasing sound.
I grant i never saw a goddess go:
My mistress, when she walks, treads on the ground.
And yet, by heaven, I think my love as rare
As any she belied with false compare.
William Shakespeare Sonnet 130