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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Alliteration
Repetition of a spoken sound in a sequence of words, usually consonant at beginning
Allusion
Reference to something in literature, history, art, or pop culture
Apostrophe
Direct address to an absent person/non-human entity
Assonance
Repetition of identical/similar vowel sounds, not necessarily at beginning
Connotation
Emotional association with a word
Consonance
Repitition of a consanant sound in a sequence, not necessarily at the beginning of a word
Diction
Kinds of words, phrases, sentence structures, & figurative language that make up literature
Hyperbole
Dilliberate exaggeration, overstatement
Image
Vivid description of visible objects/scenes, sensual object
Juxtaposition
State/position of being placed close/side-by-side to permit contrast/comparison
Metaphor
A direct comparison not using like or as; Saying something is something else
Metonymy
Substitution of a word for another closely associated word
Onomatopoeia
Expression of a sound in words
Oxymoron
Combonation of opposites, union of contradictory terms
Personification
Portraying a non-living object as having human-like qualities
Rhyme
Repetition of words with the same sound; Internal: within a line; End: at end of line; Eye: Words look like they'd rhyme
Rhyme Scheme
Coding of end rhymes in a poem using progressive letters
Rhythm
Recognizable pattern in beats/stresses
Simile
A comparison between 2 things using "like" or "as"
Speaker
Person talking in a poem, not always the poet
Stanza
Grouping of verse; Lines in a poem, usually set of by a space
Symbol
An object that represents more than just it's literal meaning like ideas & expressions that are closely related
Synecdoche
When one usues a part to represent the whole & vice versa
Tone
Speaker's attitude toward his/her subject (external)
Theme
Message the author intends to communicate by telling the story (not the main idea)
Mood
Feeling a reader perceive's from the story, can be different for each person (internal)
Satire
Use of irony & sarcasm to mock the stupidity of individuals/ridicule social evils/weaknesses
Irony
When what is expected is different from the actual result (Situational- different outcome, Verbal- sarcasm, Dramatic- audience informed, character not)
Foreshadowing
When a writer hints at future events of the story (clues)
Figurative Language
Using language to represent things in terms of something else (non-literal, e.g. simile, metaphor, personification)
Conflict
Struggle between 2 opposing forces in a work of fiction (Person vs self, person, nature, fate/supernatural, society, machine)
Point of View
Perspective from which the story is told (1-I, 2-You, 3-He/She)
Plot
Sequence of related events in a story (Exposition, Rising Action, Climax, Falling Action, Resolution/Denouement)
Characters
People in the story who are involved in the plot in some way
Setting
Time & place where a literary work takes place
Tips for Reading Poetry
Title, Paraphrase, Connotation, Attitude/tone, Shift in tone/speaker, Theme, Title