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69 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Allegory
narrative of description having a second meaning beneath teh surface one
Alliteration
repetition at close intervals of inital consonant sounds of accente syllables
Allusion
A reference, explicit or implicit, to something in literation or history
Anapest
two unaccented syllables and 1 accented
Anaphora
repeition of an opening word or phrase in a series of lines
Apostrophe
figure of speech in which someone absent/dead/nonhuman is addressed as if it could reply
Assonance
repetition at close intervals of vowel sounds of accented syllables
i.e. hat ran amber vein made
Approximate Rhyme
term used for words in a rhyming pattern that have some kind of sound correspondance but are not perfect
i.e. push and rush
aubade
a poem about dawn/morning love song/poem where lovers part at dawn
Blank Verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter
Cacophony
a harsh, discordantt, choice or arrangment of sounds
Caesura
a speech pause occuring within a line
Connotation
word suggests beyond dictionary definition
Consonance
Repetition of final consonant sounds of accented syllables/words
Couplet
two successive lines linked by rhyme
Dactly
Metrical foot; one accented with two unaccented
i.e. merrily
Denotation
basic dictionary definition of a word
Dimeter
Metrical line with two feet
Duple Meter
meter in which majority of feet have two syllables i.e. iambic and trochiac
End-Stopped line
line that ends with natural speech pause Usually with punctuation
English Sonnet
sonnet with ababcdcdefefgg; 2 quatrains and 1 couplet
Euphony
smooth, pleasany-sounding, choice arrangment of sounds
Feminine Rhyme
Rhyme in which repeated accented vowel is either 2nd or 3rd last syllable i.e. ceiling and appealing; hurrying scurrying
Figurative Language
language emplying figures of speech, not taken literally
Foot
basic unit of measurement of metrical verse
Form
external pattern of shape of a poem, describable without reference to text i.e. continuous, stanzaic, fixed
Free Verse
nonmetrical poetry where basic rhyme unit is line; pauses, breaks, patterns develop from requirements of poem
Hyperbole
overstatement
Iambic meter
meter in which majority feet are iambs
Imagery
representation through language or sense of experience
Internal Rhyme
rhyme in which 1 or both of rhyme words within the line
Irony
situation/language/etc involving incongruency
Verbal Irony
What is meant is opposite of what is said
Dramatic Irony
Author's different meaning from that intended by the speaker
Italian Sonnet
Sonnet with octave abbabba and sestet cdcdcd or cdecde
Masculine Rhyme
Rhyme in which the repeated accented vowel is in the final syllable words i.e. dance pants scald recalled
Metaphor
implicit comparison between 2 things unlike
metonymy
part of whole
Octave
8 line stanza
Onomatopoeia
use of words that mimic their meaning by sound
Oxymoron
Compact paradox two successive words seemingly contradict each other
paradox
statement of situation containing apparently contradictory elements
paraphrase
restatement of content of a poem in prose
pentameter
metrical line with 5 feet
personification
figure of speech in which human attributes are given to animal/object/concept
Quatrain
4 line stanza
Refrain
Repeated word, line, phrase
Rhythm
Wavelike reccurance of motion or sound
Rhyme
Repetition of accented vowel sound and all succeeding words
Run-on Line
A line which has no natural pause at its end; sense of flow into succeeding
Scansion
Process of measuring metrical verse, marking accent unaccented, feet, identify pattern
Sestet
6 line stanza
Simile
Figure of speech, explicit comparison between two unlike things
Sonnet
fixed form 14 line
Spondee
metrical foor 2 syllables equally accented i.e. true blue
Stanza
group of lines whose metrical pattern is repeated throughout
Structure
internal organization of a poem's content
Symbol
figure of speech, something means more than it is
Synesthesia
presentation of one sense experience in terms associated with another experience
tercet
3 line stanza
Terza Rima
interlocking rhyme scheme aba,bcb,cdc
Tetrameter
metrical line with 4 feet
Theme
central idea of literary work
Tone
writer/speaker's attitude towards subject, audience, etc; emotional coloring
Trimeter
metrical line with 3 feet
Trochee
metrical foot with one accented and 2 unaccented
understatement
figure of speech that consists of saying less than what one means
Verse
Metrical language
Villanelle
19 line fixed form with 5 tercets rhymed aba and concluding quatrain abaa and lines 1 and 3 in 5 tercets are refrains thru line 15 and repeated as line 18 and 19