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47 Cards in this Set

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Villanelle
the first and last line of the first stanza repeat alternately as the last of subsequent stanzas, except for the final stanza where they repeat as the penultimate and ultumate lines
aba/aba/aba/aba/aba/abaa
(do not go gentle into that good night)
Shakespearian Sonnet
14 lines
iambic pentameter
abab/cdcd/efef/gg
^
quatrain/quatrain/quatrain/couplet
mostly about love
Italian Sonnet
14 lines
iambic pentameter
abbaabba/(cdcdcd)(cdecde)(cdccdc)
^
octave/sestet
mostly about love
open form
no rules!
freeverse- no rules about rhyme scheme, meter or anything
closed form
rules!
blank verse- unrymed iambic pent
villanelle
sestina
italian sonnet
meter
words with many syllables have stressed and unstressed syllables
monometer
one foot
dimeter
2 feet
trimeter
three feet
tetrameter
4 feet
pentameter
5 feet
hexameter
6 feet
heptameter
7 feet
octameter
8 feet
Iambic
unstressed, stressed
u / (one iamb, one iambic foot)
Trochaic
stressed, unstressed
/ u (one trahee, one trachaic foot)
Anapestic
unstressed, unstressed, stressed
u u / (one anapest, one anapestic foot)
Dactylic
stressed, unstressed, unstressed
/ u u (one dactyl, one dactylic foot)
Explication
dicecting a poem stanza by stanza, line by line
alliteration
repetition of consonant sound
"tiger, tiger, burning bright" (b & t)
assonance
repetition of vowel sound
"little lamb, who made thee? Dost thou know who made thee? gave thee life and bid thee feed. y the stream and o'er the mead." (long e)
onomatopoeia
word's sound is also meaning
flush, snarl, buzz, ring
end rhyme
rhyme at end of line
internal rhyme
rhyme inside of line
exact rhyme
identical vowel sounds and identical consonant sound
moon, soon
slant rhyme
similar vowel sound but not identical consonant sound.
orange, porridge
masculine rhyme
one syllable rhyme
rain, pain
can be two syllable ryme when stress is on the last syllable
divorce, remorse
feminine rhyme
two (or more) syllable rhyme wih stress on any syllable except the last
connotation
the implied meaning
denotation
same dictionary meaning
image
the picture words give you
sensory experience
hear - aural
smell - olfactory
taste - gustatory
see - visual
touch - tactile
metonymy
using something closely associated to represent the thing itself
"the white house said the war was going great"
the white house = bush
"the school says it is bad to drink"
ths school = clarkson
synecdoche
using part of something to represent the whole
"nice wheels"
"friends, romans, countrymen, lend me your ears"
paradox
a phrase that on the surface is contradictory but on a deeper level can be resolved
"time held me green and dying"
"the child is the father of the man"
metaphor
comparison using "is"
"my love is petals"
--> my love is a flower
simile
comparison using "like" or "as"
personification
giving inanimate objects human charateristics
"even the dirt kept breathing..."
apostrophe
addressing something directly that isn't alive
"thou still unravished bride of quietness and slow time"
"o captain, my captain"
hyperbole
overstatement
"wasn't he married like a billion times?"
understatement
down playing the seriousness of something
"no more to build on there"
"out, out"
dramatic monologue
a poem written as a speech made by a character at some decisive moment usually addressed by the speaker to some other character that remains silent
didactic poetry
a poem apparently written to state a message or to teach a body of knowlege
diction
word choice
blank verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter
sestina
poem with 6 6-lined stanzas where the last word in each line of each stanza is the same word throughout the poem
persona
a character that the writer speaks through