Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/330

Click to flip

330 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a
ni tsuite-concerning s.t/s.o
a way of -ing
you(1)-a noun forming suffix which means a
way (of doing s.t)
a way to
you(1)-a noun forming suffix which means a
way (of doing s.t)
a la
fuu ni-with an appearance/style/tone/manner of ~
-able
uru/eru-an aux verb that expresses possibility
about
ni kanshite/kansuru-related to
ni tsuite-concerning s.t/s.o
no koto-
absolutely not
masaka-an adverb that indicates the speaker's strong
belief that s.t is not expected to (have) become a reality
according to
ni yotte/yori-a prt that indicates means, cause, agent,
of a passive sentence, or dependency on a situation
no ue wa da-as far as ~ is concerned
accordingly
ni shitagatte/shitagai
s.t spontaneously and gradually occurs in accordance
with some change
shitagatte-a conj that is used to indicate that a
result/situation follows neccessarily from the foregoing
situation
after ~
kekka/(no) ue de
after all(2)
douse/toutou/tsumari
after ~ style
fuu ni
against
ni hanshite,hansuru
almost
-sou ni naru
alone
nomi
along with
to momo ni
also
mo/~ mo ~ mo/sore to
althrough
kuse ni/nagara(mo)/ni mo/ kakawarazu/to iu noni/
tsutsu
althrough ~ say/said that
to itte mo
am determined to
miseru
amount equivalent to~
-bun
and
-ku/sore to/-te/Vmasu
and yet
kuse ni/shika mo
anyway
douse
apparently
omowareru
appear
omowareru
apt to
-ppoi
as
hodo/ni shitagatte,shitagai/
ni tsurete,tsure/to douji ni/
touri (ni)/to tomo ni
as a matter of fact
nanishiro/sore dokoroka
as a result of
kekka
as far as
kagiri(1)
as far as ~ goes
no ue de wa
as far as ~ is concerned
no ue de wa/ten (de)
as few as
ni suginai
as if to say/show (etc.)that
to iu fuu ni
as little as
ni suginai
as long as
ijoo(wa)/kagiri(1)/sae
as might be expected
sasuga
as soon as
shidai/totan(ni)
as well
sore to/ue(ni)
as well as
igai/to douji ni/to tomo ni
as you know
wake da
aspect
ten(de)
assume that
to suru(1)
at
ni atatte,atari/ni oite,okeru
at ~ -est
tomo
at all
douse
-at all events
douse
at (long) last
toutou/yatto
at least
kurai/semete
at once
sugu
at that
shika mo/sore mo
at that time
soko de(2)
at the same time(as)
to douji ni/to tomo ni
at the time
to douji ni
at the time of
sai(ni)
barely
yatto
based upon
ni motozuite,motozuku
be
de aru
be adj./N
wa
be ~ and
ori
be apt to
-gachi
be brought about by
koto ni yoru
be caused by
koto ni yoru
be due to the fact that
koto ni yoru
be enough to/for
~ mo ~ ba
be liable to
-gachi
be not in a position to
-kaneru
be nothing but
ni hokanaranai
be probably not
mai
be prone to
-gachi
be simply ~
ni hokanaranai
be subject to
-gachi
be the result of
koto ni yoru
because
koto ni yoru/kote de/no koto
da kara/sei/te wa/to
because ~ is habitually
/usually/often that way
no koto da kara
because of
amari/ni yotte,yori/no kankei de
because of that
dakara to itte/soko de
because of too much ~
amari
because ~ or s.t like that
toka de
become
to naru
before
ni atatte,atari
believe it or not
nanishiro
besides
igai/shika mo/sono ue/ue (ni)
better
mashida
both ~ and ~
~ mo ~ mo
but
daga/igai/kuse ni/soko o/ sou ka to itte/to iu noni/tokoro ga
but(to make up for)
(no)kawari ni
but in spite of that
sore demo
but it doesnt mean that
dakara to itte
by (means of)
ni yotte,yori
by -ing
koto de
by the medium of
o toushite
can
uru,eru
can hardly
-gatai
can just~
dake de
can manage to
miseru
cannot
-gatai/-kaneru/wake ga nai/wake ni wa ikanai
cannot (help) but
zaru o enai/wake ni wa ikanai
cannot help -ing
naranai/wake ni wa ikanai/zaru o enai
cause
koto de/koto ni naru
certainly ~but
tashikani ~ ga
come to mean that
koto ni naru
common
tada no
compared with/to
ni kuraberu to,kurabete
concerning
ni kanshite,kansuru/ni tsuite
consequently
shitagatte
considerably
nakanaka
contrary to
ni hanshite/hansuru
contrary to one's expectation/intention
-gatai
conversely
-gatai
covered with
-darake
definitely
koso
definitely ~ but
tashikani ~ ga
depend on
shidai
depending on
ni yotte,yori
despite
ni mo kakawarazu
difficult to
-gatai
do
yaru(1)
do/does/did V
wa
do not have to
made mo nai
do not need(to go as far as) to
made mo nai
do s.t in a ~ fashion/manner/way
-kata o suru
dont tell me that
masaka
dont V
Imperative/koto
drink
yaru(1)
due to
ni yotte,yori/sei
during
ni oite,okeru
each
sorezore
each time
tabi ni
easily
sugu
easy to
-ppoi
eat
yaru(1)
either ~ or ~
mata wa
end up(with)
koto ni naru
even
dokoroka/sae
even if
kara to itte/ta tokoro de/tomo
even so
shikamo/sore demo/sou ka to itte
even through
kara to itte/nagara(mo)
even through ~ say/said that
to itte mo
eventually
toutou
every time
tabi ni
except (for)
igai
fairly
nakanaka
far from (that)
dokoroka/sore dokoroka
feel~
to suru(2)
filled with
-darake
finally
toutou/yatto
following
ni shitagatte,shitagai
for
-bun/de/ni totte/ni tsuki/ni wa/-rai
at once
sugu
at that
shika mo
sore mo
at that time
soko de(2)
at the same time (as)
to douji ni
to tomo ni
at the time
to douji ni
at the time of
sai (ni)
barely
yatto
based upon
ni motozuite
motozuku
be
de aru
be Adj/N
wa
be ~ and
ori
be apt to
-gachi
be brought about by
koto ni yoru
be caused by
koto ni yoru
be due to the fact that
koto ni yoru
be enough to/for
~mo~ba
be liable to
gachi
be not in a position to
kaneru
be nothing but
ni hokanaranai
be probably not
mai
be prone to
gachi
be simply ~
ni hokanaranai
be subject to
gachi
be the result of
koto ni yoru
because
koto ni yoru
koto de
no koto da kara
sei
te wa
to
because ~ is habitually/usually/often that way
no koto da kara
because of
amari
ni yotte/yori
no kankei de
because of that
dakara to itte
soko de
because of too much
amari
because ~ or something like that
toka de
become
to naru
before
ni atatte
atari
believe it or not
nanishiro
besides
igai
shika mo
sono ue
ue (ni)
better
mashida
both ~ and ~
~mo ~mo
but
daga
igai
kuse ni
soko o
sou ka to itte
to iu noni
tokoro ga
but(to make up for)
(no)kawari ni
but in spite of that
sore demo
but it doesnt mean that
dakara to itte
by(means of)
ni yotte/yori
by -ing
koto de
by the medium of
o toushite
can
uru/eru
can hardly
gatai
can just ~
dake de
can manage to
miseru
cannot
gatai
kaneru
wake ga nai
wake ni wa ikanai
cannot (help) but
zaru o enai
wake ni wa ikanai
cannot help -ing
naranai
wake ni wa ikanai
zani o enai
cause
koto de
koto ni naru
certainly ~ but
tashikani ~ ga
come to mean that
koto ni naru
common
tada no
compared with/to
ni kuraberu to
kurabete
concerning
ni kanshite
kansuru
ni tsuite
consequently
shitagatte
considerably
nakanaka
contrary to
ni hanshite
hansuru
contrary to one's expectation/intention
gatai
conversely
gatai
covered with
darake
definitely
koso
definitely ~ but
tashikani ~ ga
depend on
shidai
depending on
ni yotte/yori
despite
ni mo kakawarazu
difficult to
gatai
do
yaru(1)
do/does/did V
wa
do not have to
made mo nai
do not need(to go as far as) to
made mo nai
do s.t in a ~ fashion/manner/way
kata o suru
dont tell me that
masaka
dont V
Imperative
koto
drink
yaru(1)
due to
ni yotte/yori
sei
during
ni oite
okeru
each
sorezore
each time
tabi ni
easily
sugu
easy to
ppoi
eat
yaru(1)
either ~or~
mata wa
end up (with)
koto ni naru
even
dokoroka
sae
even so
shikamo
sore demo
sou ka to itte
even though
kara to itte
nagara (mo)
even though ~ say/said that
to itte mo
eventually
toutou
every time
tabi ni
except (for)
igai
fairly
nakanaka
far from (that)
dokoroka
sore dokoroka
feel~
to suru(2)
filled with
darake
finally
toutou
yatto
following
ni shitagatte
shitagai
for
bun
de
ni totte
ni tsuki
niwa
rai
for some reason
domo
for some reason like~
toka de
for the first time
te hajimete
for the purpose of
niwa
for the reason
jou
for the sake of
jou
from ~ on
kagiri(2)
from the aspect of
men
from the standpoint/viewpoint of
jou
men
no ue de wa
from ~ till/to
~ kara ~ ni kakete
~ kara ~ ni itaru made
from ~ to
ni yotte/yori
from what i gather
doumo
full of
darake
futhermore
shika mo
sono ue
sore ni
sore mo
ue (ni)
give
yaru(1)
hard
kaneru
hardly
rokuni ~ nai
hardly possible
kaneru
have been -ing
ppanashi
have no (other) choice but to
wake ni wa ikanai
zaru o enai
have to
neba naranai
zaru o enai
having done s.t
te
hesitate to do s.t
kaneru
how~!
donnani ~ (koto) ka
naa
however
daga
tokoro ga
however, it doesnt follow from this that
dakara to itte
i admit that ~ but
tashikani ~ ga
i cannot manage to
doumo
i dont know for sure, but
nandemo
i dont why but
doumo
i dont mean that
wake de wa nai
i gather that
doumo
i tell you
sa
zo
i wish
naa
i wonder (if~)
kana
naa
if
ni naru to
tewa
if ~ as much/many as ~, it wil be enough to
~mo ~ba
if ~ at all
ijou (wa)
if ~ at least
~mo ~ba
if it is the case that
to naru to
if it is true that
to naru to
if it turns out that
to naru to
if ~ just/only
sae
if ~ say that
to iu to
im telling you
zo
immediately
sugu
impossible
gatai
masaka
impressive
sasuga
in
ni atatte/atari
ni oite/okeru
ni taishite/taishi
no moto de
rai
in accordance with
ni shitagatte/shitagai
(and) in addition
sore ni
sore to
ue (ni)
in any case
douse
in comparision to
ni kuraberu to
kurubete
in contrast to
ni taishite/taishi
ni hanshite/hansuru
in fact
nanishiro
in -ing
jou
in ~ manner
fuu ni
in one's own style/way
nari ni
in order to
ni wa
in other words
tsumari
in particular
koso
in place of
ni kawatte (no)kawari ni
in proportion to
ni shitagatte/shitagai
ni tsurete/tsure
in regard to
ni taishite/taishi
in short
tsumari
in spite of
ni mo kakawarazu
in spite of that
soko o
in spite of the fact that
kuse ni
to iu noni
in such a fashion to suggest
to iu fuu ni
in such a way that
to
to iu fuuni
in terms of
jou
men
no koto
no ue de wa
ten (de)
in that
toutou
in the end
touri (ni)
in violation of
ni hanshite/hansuru
incredible
masaka
indeed
ikanimo
sasuga
indeed ~ but
tashikani ~ga
-ing
tsutsu
Vmasu
instantly
sugu
instead (of)
(no)kawari ni
irresistibly
naranai