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59 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
abstract
a summary of a book or document
accent
emphasis on a syllable of a word
ad hominum fallacy
criticizing a position by calling to attention irrelevant, personal characteristics of someone who holds it
ad populum fallacy
a fallacy of logic in which widespread occurence of something is assumed to make it right or true
aesthetics
study of beauty and appeal
alternating rhyme scheme
ABAB
allegory
comparison story (truth with fiction) with the purpose to teach
alliteration
vowels & consonant sounds repeated
allusion
hint or reference to other writings
ambiguity
double meaning of a word, often obscure
anachronism
something out of it's proper time
analogy
direct comparison
anapest
metric foot in poetry with two stressed syllables, follwed by one unstressed syllable
anecdote
a short narrative of an interesting nature
annotation
a textual comment made by an author or editor
anthology
a collection of literary works
anticlimax
an "effect" that goes against the climax
antonym
words that are opposite in meaning
aphorism
a short statement of truth; a maxim
apostrophe
addressing a person not present
appeal to authority
a citation of information from people recognized for their special knowlege of a subject (for the purpose of strengthening an arguement)
aside
undertoned statement to the audience (presumed inaudiable to the other characters)
assonance
close repition of similar vowel sounds, usually in stressed syllables
atmosphere
mood
autobiographical
life story written by self
tone words (A)
argumentative, angry, analytic, archaic
ballad
narrative poem arrange in quatrains with regular rhyme and rhythm (ABAB)
ballad stanza
a quatrain of tetrameter and trimeter lines, rhyming ABCB
beginning rhyme
rhyming initial sounds of the last two lines
bibliography
source page of reference (MLA, APA)
biography/biographical
life story written by someone else
black humour
writing in grotesque elements are juxtaposed with humourous/faricial ones
blank verse
poetry with no rhyme, definite rhythm
BCE/CE and BC/AD
anon domine – in the year of our Lord
between vs. among
between is with two people and among is with three (or more) people
brackets
use [ ] to change tense or person in direct quote
begging the question
a fallacy of logic argument that assumes as true, the very thing one is attempting to prove
tone words (B)
bitter, bold
cacophony
discordant or harsh sounds (for poetic effect)
cadence
natural rhythm of language
caricature
character of certain selected features exaggerated for comic relief
catharsis
purging of emotions (tragic)
carpe diem
Latin for “Seize the Day”
chain verse
stanzas are linking by rhymes or patterns of repetition
chiasmus
Greek meaning “placing crosswise”
cliche
overused word or phrase
climax
high point of a plot
closet drama
a play meant to be read, not performed
comedy
a literary work especially in plays commonly having a happy ending
conflict
opposition of two characters or forces
connotation
popular meaning of a word
couplet
two lines that rhyme
crisis
time where conflict is intensified to the point where resolution often occurs
colloquial
slang in one place
collective noun
treating as one unit, therefore singular
comma splice
using a comma incorrectly
corrective conjunction
needs parallel structure (not only/but also)
tone words (C)
callous, comical
purpose of a piece (C)
criticize, condemn, present conflict, establish character