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38 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
ALLIGORY
When something referred to in the story is referring to something bigger
ALLITERATION
The repetition of two or more consonant sounds in successive words in a line of verse or prose
ALLUSION
A brief(and sometimes indirect) reference in a text to a person, place or thing-fictitious or actual outside of the story or play
APOSTROPHE
A direct address to someone or something that is inanimate - object or dead person
ASSONANCE
The repetition of two or more vowel sounds in successive words, which creates a kind of rhyme
BALLAD
A song that tells a story
BLANK VERSE
The most common and well-known meter of UNRHYMED poetry in English
CONCEIT
A poetic device using ELABORATE COMPARISONS, such as equating a loved one with the graces and beauties of the world
CONNOTATION
An association or additional meaning that a word, image or phrase may carry, apart from it's literal denotation or dictionary definition
CONSONANCE
Also called a SLANT RHYME. A kind of rhyme in which th linked words share similar consonant sounds but different vowel sounds, as in reason and raisin
COUPLET
A two-line stanza in poetry, usually rhymed, which tends to have lines of equal length
DENOTATION
The literal, dictionary meaning of a word
DOGGEREL
Verse full of irregularities often due to the poet's incompetence. Crude verse that brims with cliche, obvious rhyme and inept rhythm
DRAMATIC MONOLOGUE
A poem written as a speech made by a character at some decisive moment
ELEGY
written on the occasion of a death or other solemn theme
END RHYME
Rhyme that occurs at the ends of lines, rather than within them
EPIC
A long narrative poem usually tracing the adventures of a legendary or mythic hero
EXPLICATION
Literally, an "unfolding". In an explication an entire poem is explained in detail
FIGURE OF SPEECH
An expression or comparison that relies not on its literal meaning, but rather on its connotations and suggestions
FOOT
The unit of measurement in metrical poetry
FREE VERSE
Describes poetry that organizes its lines without meter
HAIKU
A Japanese verse form that has three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables
LIMERICK
A short and usually comic verse form of five anapestic lines usually rhyming aabba
METER
A recurrent, regular, rhythmic pattern in verse. The basic organizational device for world poetry
METAPHOR
Comparison of two unlike things without using like or as
METONYMY
Figure of speech in which the name of a thing is substituted for that of another closely associated with it
PARADOX
A statement that at first strikes one as self-contradictory, but that on reflection reveals some deeper sense
PERSONIFICATION
A figure of speech in which a thing, an animal, or an abstract term is endowed with human characteristics
SONNET
The fixed form of 14 lines. A traditional and widely used verse form, especially popular for love poetry
SLANT RHYME
A rhyme in which the final consonant sounds are the same but the vowel sounds are different, as in letter and litter
SYMBOL
A person, place, or thing in a narrative that suggests meanings beyond its literal sense
VERSE
It refers to any single line of poetry
HYPERBOLE
Overstatement or exaggeration used to emphasize a point
REFRAIN
Repeated lines of poem or song i.e. chorus
SYNECDOCHE
The use of a small part for the hole item i.e. wheels = car
VILLANELLE
Six rhymed stanzas in which two lines are repeated in a prescribed pattern
QUATRAIN
A stanza consisting of four lines
ONOMATOPOEIA
A sound associated with a word