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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
aphorism
a brief, cleverly worded statement that makes a wise observation about life
theme
the central idea, or insight, about life that it reveals
usually the message
dialogue tag
"she said," "Jack said," "said the unhappy man"
topic sentence
a "mini-thesis statement". it lets the reader know what the paragraph is about
thesis statement
main idea of an essay
puts forth an arguable opinion about a subject
has a subject, opinion, plan
simile
a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things, using an explicit word such as 'like', 'as', 'than', or 'resembles'
metaphor
a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlke things, in which one thing becomes another thing without the use of the words 'like', 'as', 'than', or 'resembles'
extended metaphor
a metaphor developed over several lines of writing, comparing, something in several ways
personification
a special kind of metaphor in which a nonhuman thing or quality is talked aabout as if it were human
symbol
something concrete(real), such as a object, person, place, or action that stands for something more abstract, such as an idea, a feeling, or an emotion
alliteration
the repetition of the same consonant sounds in words that are close together in a poem, or the repetition of constant sounds that are very similar
onomatopoeia
the use of a word whose sound imitates or suggests its meaning
internal rhyme
a rhyme that occurs within a line a poetry
end rhyme
a rhyme that occurs at the end of a line of poetry
imperfect rhyme
words that repeat some sounds but are not exact echos
rhythm
a musical quality produced by the repetion of stressed and unstressed syllables, or by the repetition of certain other sound patterns, in poetry and prose
meter
a generally regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry
stanza
a group of consecutive lines in a poem that form a single unit
hyperbole
exaggeration for effect, not meant to be taken literally
couplet
two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme
sonnet
fourteen-line lyric poem, always written in iambic pentameter, that has one of serval rhyme schemes
allusion
a reference in litature to something famous, often to methology or the Bible
explicit theme
the author comes right and directly states the theme of the story in the story
implicit theme
the characters act out the theme for us
diction
1.Choice and use of words in speech or writing,degree of clarity and distinctness of pronuciation in speech or singing
imagery
language that appeals to the senses
mood
the general sense or feeling which the reader is supposed to get from the text
tone
the author’s attitude, stated or implied, toward a subject
form
the "shape" or organizational mode of a particular poem
connotation
the ideas or qualities that are implied by that word
denotation
the minimal, strict definition of a word as found in a dictionary
flashback
a method of narration in which present action is temporarily interrupted so that the reader can witness past events--usually in the form of a character's memories, dreams, narration, or even authorial commentary
point of view
the perspective from which the story is told
1st person
a narrator who is a character in the story. Readers can get into only the narrator's thoughts to know what she or he is thinking about the action or other characters in the story
3rd person limited
the narration is about the characters in the book and thus is told using third person pronouns
readers get into only one or two characters' thoughts
3rd person omniscient
the narration is about the characters in the book and thus is told using third person pronouns
readers get into several characters' thoughts
protagonist
main character
antagonist
a character in a story or poem who deceives, frustrates, or works again the main character
direct characterization
the author directly states a character’s traits or makes direct comments about a character’s nature
indirect characterization
the author does not directly state a character’s traits; instead the reader draws conclusions and discovers a character’s traits based upon clues provided by the author
sensory detail
words and phrases that help readers see, hear, taste, feel, or smell what an author is describing
external conflict
the problem or struggle that exists between the main character and an outside force
internal conflict
the problem or struggle that takes place in the main character’s mind
social commentary
a spoken or written act of rebellion toward an individual or group; commentary on social issues or society
transition
the passing from one subject or division of a composition to another
proceeding smoothly and logically from one point to the next