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60 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Axial Age
major philosophers arise worldwide and lay foundations for culture and religion; challenge old ideas and foster cultural growth
Greece- Homer, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle
China- Confucius,Lao-tze
India- Buddha
dynasties
periods of rule by a royal family of a given region or state; how time is calculated for China
Era of "Sage Emperors"
mythical first rulers
Shang Dynasty
earliest Chinese writing
-oracle bones
scapulamancy-bone cracking to divine the future
Zhou Dynasty
-planned cities laid out in grid patterns using cardinal directions
Spring and Autumn Period
Warring States Period
Confucianism
Daoism
Legalism
Qin Dynasty
First empire
Shi Huangdi = first emperor
-standardized coinage, weights and measures, and axel widths to facilitate commerce;
-bureaucracy-set up of a network of officials to supervise the several districts of the empire
-standardized writing system
kanji
Chinese writing system
ideographs - carry concepts, understood without knowing the spoken language
oldest none egyptian script
literati
people able to read and write; shi
Confucius
-founder of Confucius
-contemporary of Lao-tzu
-decline of Zhou
-member of shi
-Text: Analects (wrote The Spring and Autumn Annals)
hierarchical
not equal
recoprocal
mutual obligation
filial piety
duty and obedience to the more powerful member of the relationship
ritual
outward expression of relationship
Mandate of Heaven
concept of Heaven (tian) as a sort of natural law or universal system; force that drives the way
Confucian Classics
-The Classic of Poetry
-The Classic of History
-The Book of Changes
-The Classic of Rites
-The Spring and Autumn Annals
Lao-Tzu
"old master", founder of daoism; decline of Zhou dynasty
Texts: Dao De Jing(tells how to develop a productive disposition); Zhuangzi (by Chuang-tzu)
Dao
The way; the natural state of the universe
Yin and Yang
female, moon, cold; masculine, sun, hot; opposing elements of aspects make up the universe
wu wei
non coercive acting; acting in accordance with nautre, rather than imposing our will on people or events
Siddhartha Guatama
founder of buddhism;
Texts: numerous sutras recorded by his disciples
Theravadic buddhism
withdraw from teh world and family and seek individual liberation; monasteries
Mahayana buddhism
spiritual liberation of all beings; it spread along the silk road and to China
Boddhisattva
an enlightened one who chooses incarnation so they can help others
Monkey
by Wucheng'en ; based on Hsuan Tsang's journey to India
didactic
literature designed to teach; to conform to culture; ex: epics; convey a value they want kids to have
Shinto
Japan's oldest religion; indigenous to Japan;
Texts: Kojiki - a collection of oral mythologies and histories recorded in kanji
kami
sacred presences that inspire awe; emante vital power (tama) that can be sensed by people
torii
gate that marks where the shrines are for the kami
shimenawa
tasseled ropes that drape on or near a shrine that warks where the kami are
Ise
outer shinto shrine
Ihara Saikaku
known for his skill at composing haikai (5-7-5-7-7); composed 23,000 in single night; realist style with erotic scenes; established floating world genre (ukiyo-zoshi)
-Barrelmaker Brimful of Love
innovative
broke rules; new
Ueda Akinari
wrote ukiyo-zoshi;
-Bewitched
Muhammad
"highly praised"; founded Islam "surrender";
Texts: Qur'an "the recitation"written down by followers after death
-exiled (hiijira) for his teachings
5 Pillars of Islam
-Confession of Faith
-Daily Prayer
-Almsgiving
-Fasting at Ramadan
-Pilgrimage to Mecca
Ottoman Empire
Turkish Muslims capture Constantinople and rename it Istanbul; becomes the seat of the Ottoman Empire
Eevliya Celebi
-Celebi's Book of Travels
Basho
Narrow Road of the Interior (w/ haikus)
Dervishes
member of the sufi sect of muslims; whirl in meditation to open a doorway to God
Ascetic
renounce earthly pleasures
Mendicant
beggers; live on donations to devote time to mission
Monastic
live apart from world sometmies in monasteries
Jomon Era
Japan's prehistoric era; isolated from the mainland
Yayoi Era
immigrants from North of China cross into Japan and bring rice, metalworks, pottery wheel, Shinto, and Uji (organized clans)
Tales of the Genji
World's 1st novel
kana
Japanese syllabary
bakufu
tent governments; headed by shoguns (general); independent from imperial court
samurai
retainers that serve the shoguns; aristocratic ruling class; encourage Confucian morals
bushido
code of the samurai
kamikaze
divine winds
chonin
townspeople -merchants and artisans
ukiyo
floating world; Buddhist term for temporary things that pass away; in the Genroku period the world of transient pleasures
chinido
chonin's own code which valued immmediate sensation, big spending, and love of transient beauty
Kabuki
theater for the people
Bunraku
puppet theater with adult themes
waka
"japanese poem" an ancient form of Japanese poetry; 5-7-5-7-7; serious poems
renga
corporate poems that are composed by a group of poets; serious; 100 verses
-began with a 3 line opening verse called a hokku
hokku
5-7-5; opening verse of a renga
haikai
poems identical in form to renga but they are humorous; focus on common or everyday life; sexual;
haiku
what the hokku became on its own (instead of starting a haikai or renga)