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33 Cards in this Set

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Anagnorisis
Recognition or discovery, especially in tragedy-for example, when the hero understands the reason for his fall.
Antecedent Action
Happenings (especially in a play) that occurred before the present action.
Archetype
A theme, image, motive, or pattern that occurs so often in literary works it seems to be universal. Examples, a Dark Forrest-Mental confusion, the sun-illumination.
Canon
Literary works thought to have a special merit by a given culture.
Crisis
A high point in the conflict that leads to the turning point
Criticism
Evaluation or Analysis of a piece of literature
Cultural Criticism
Criticism that sets literature in a social context, often economics or politics or gender. Borrowing some of the methods of anthropology, cultural criticism usually extends the canon to include popular material, for instance, comic books and soap operas
Didactic
Pertaining to teaching; having a moral purpose
Elegy
A lyric poem, usually a meditation on death
End-Stopped Line
Line of poetry that ends with a pause because the grammatical structure and the sense reach completion.
English Sonnet
3 Quatrains and a couplet. Rhyming ABABCDCDEFEFGG
Enjambment
A line of poetry in which the grammatical and logical sense run on, without pause, into the next line or lines.
Epiphany
When an action reveals a character with particular clarity
Exposition
Setting fourth of information
Flat Character
A one diminutional character
Formalist Criticism
Analysis that assumes a work of art is a constructed object with a stable meaning that can be ascertained by studying the relationships of the elements in a work.
Frytag’s Pyramid
Exposition, Rising Action, Climax, Falling Action, Denumont
Gender Criticism
Criticism concerned especially with alleged differences in ways that males and females read and write, and also with the representations of gender in literature.
Villanelle
A poem with five stanzas of three lines, rhyming aba, and concluding stanza of 4 lines, rhyming abaa. The entire first line is repeated as the third line of the second and fourth stanzas; the entire third line is repeated as the third line of the third and fifth stanzas. These two lines form the final two lines of the last stanza.
Italian Sonnet
Consists of an octave abbaabba and a sestet cdecde or cdccdc
Marxist Criticism
The study of literature in light of Marx’s view that economic forces, controlled by the dominant classes, shape the literature of a society.
Meter
Pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables
Metonymy
figurative language in which a word or phrase stands not for itself but for something closely related to it.
New Criticism
See Formalist Criticism
New Historicism
Criticism which states that the past cannot be known objectively. According to this view, because historians project their own narrative their own invention or construction on the happening of the past, historical writings are not objective but are, at bottom, political statements.
Objective Point of View
The narrator reports but does not editorialize or enter into the minds of any of the characters of the story.
Peripeteia
Reversal of fortune
Persona
The I or speaker of a work regarded as the mouthpiece of the creator
Point of View Narration
Perspective from which the story is told
Psychological Criticism
A form of analysis especially concerned both with the ways in which authors unconsciously leave traces of their inner lives in their works and with the ways in which the reader respond
Reader-Responce Criticism
Criticism emphasizing the idea that various readers respond in various ways and therefore that readers as well as authors create meaning.
Romance
Narrative fiction, usually characterized by improbable adventures and love
Synecdoche
Figurative language in which the whole stands for a part, or a part for the whole. ie-The Law represents a police officer.