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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the land of the north men
normandy
cousin to Edward the Confessor
Duke William of Normandy
England; September 1066; Duke William defeated Harold
Battle of Hastings
estates
fiefdoms
loyalty of French-speaking barons who ruled the estates was to?
William the Conqueror
brought the era of the Anglo-Saxons to a close
Norman Conquest
Followed after the Norman Conquest
Medieval Period
non-Latin literature produced in England between 1066 and roughly 1260 that was written in Norman French
Anglo-Norman literature
songs
lais
system of political organization that William the Conqueror brought to England
feudalism
members of the nobility who were granted large tracts of land
barons
class of bondsmen who lived on and worked the nobles' land
peasants
class that included many merchants, traders, laborers, and artisans
freemen
system of loyalties
vassalage
servant
vassal
squat, towered, and turreted church style
Romanesque
grand style of the Canterbury Cathedral
Gothic
memento mori
reminder of death
contemptu mundi
contempt for the world
holy wars
Crusades
journeys to holy sites
pilgrimages
greatest work of the Medieval Period
The Canterbury Tales
the site of the killing
martyrdom
includes knightly romances, pious romances, pious moral tales, folk tales, and ribald stories
fabliaux
style of literature developed by the Crusades and devotion to the Virgin Mary
romance
standards of knightly conduct
chivalry
test
trial
a journey to some far-off place to do some mighty deed
quest
the cup from which Christ offered communion at the Last Supper
Holy Grail
the code of behavior between women and their suitors
courtly love
french-born queen of Henry II, who spread the ideas of courtly love to England in the twelfth century
Eleanor of Aquitaine
included Sir Gawain, Sir Lancelot, and Sir Galahad
knights of the Round Table
songs of the common people that survived for hundreds of years
ballads
immortalized legendary outlaw
Robin Hood
told stories from the Bible
mystery plays
told stories from the lives of the saints
miracle plays
represented abstract virtues and vices as characters
morality plays
legal system of England and the United States
common law
representative ruling body
Parliament
document that limited the rights of the king, made him subject to the rulings of the baronial Parliament, and guaranteed trial by a jury of one's peers
Magna Carta
war that England fought from 1339 to 1453 over possession of French lands
Hundred Years' War
victory that England won by introducing the longbow to warfare
Battle of Crecy
warrior who allowed France to win back its territory
Joan of Arc
the first stirrings of demands for individual liberty and human rights on the part of the common people led by Jack Straw and Wat Tyler
Peasants' Revolt
trained apprentices and regulated business
guilds
class of free merchants and tradespeople that emerged
middle class
bubonic plague
Black Death
religious reformer who finished the first complete translation of the Bible into English
John Wycliff
introduced to England the new technology of printing from movable type
William Caxton
thirty-year struggle that ended with the defeat of Richard III of the House of Lancaster by Henry Tudor, who became King Henry VII
War of the Roses