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9 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Barbara Herrnstein Smith
Contingencies of Value
Argues that cononical texts are not the result of objective conspiracy or appreciation of timeless value. Rather of fulfilling needs, preforming functions. If it does it well it is reproduced. Texts that survive, do so because they continue to fill various needs.
More protected once canonical
Therefore, more complex and information rich texts survive better.
Similar to Jane Tompkins
Jane Tompkins
Masterpiece Theater
Classic works are mutable
Success are based on power politics
Critics value different things over time
Not productions of genius.
Similar to Barbara Herrnstein Smith
Lilian S. Robinson
Treason Our Text
No real change occurs within the canon, texts are merely sorted.
Gentleman's agreement
Women are excluded and male authors reflect and contribute to sexism with female characters.
Canon is never defended, only introduced, rarely challenged.
Feminist critics have tried only to gain admittance for female authored works, not challenged the canon's practices and norms. To do so - etc, is the agony of feminist criticism.
Need for all culture to be represented, not just ruling class.
"Either a women author is good enough to replace a male author, or she is not."
Women have not had as many opportunities to write high literature.
Need to make the female tradition coherent and hence stronger, but cannot let it become a ghetto.
Relates to Eve Sedgwick and Henry Louis Gates Jr.
Henry Louis Gates Jr.
Canon-Formation, Literary History, and the Afro-American Tradition
Previously, Western Critical thought was imitated to develop indigenous theories
Each criticism has a specificity of value and ideology
Blacks need to speak their own black language to develop criticism that is not a derivative of white theory.
White canon is not universal
THEORY moderates the private, cognitive work, "the seen" and makes it told
An anthology can create a tradition.
Changes anthology but still subscribes to it.
Relates to Lilian S. Robinson and Eve Sedgwick.
Eve Sedgwick
From Epistemology of the Closet
Bill Budd and Dorian Gray are essential texts for modern homosexual identity but were previously used to forward homophobic ideology.
Must prodcutive resent work has been between master canon's and mini-canons.
Challenged centrality of master canon.
Removed the anonymity of the master canon, identified who it was authored by.
Argues there have been great gay authors and they were..them...ex. Shakespeare Proust
In making a minority group, setting up a dichotomy, each fuels each other.
The canon may posses the texts to challenge the foundation of culture..and it is passed on from generation to generation.
Relates to Lilian S. Robinson and Henry Louis Gates Jr and Edward W. Said.
Edward W. Said
The Politics of Knowledge
Culture and imperialism offer support of each other
Critics often want to remain ideologically correct and little else.
Intellectuals cannot be without the intellectual process.
Politics of Identity are at the heart of imperial cultural enterprise
Politics of National identity are a result of imperial experience
Two groups are separate, fueled by each other
Groups are are separated and deemed inferior attempt to make that grouping a Good thing
Define themselves against master
Nationalism is good for overthrow, demands attention, but then needs to shift to consciousness of self.
Tendency by critics to name names of oppressed people are caricatures rather than examples of what these groups strive for, essentially one dogma for another.
Need to link books together. Recognize wordliness of books, scholarly work.
Who wrote something is not important, but rather how it is written and how it is read.
Relates to Radway
Janice A. Radway
Introduction to a Feeling for Books
Middlebrow culture vs. Academics
Influenced by middlebrow raising
Criticizes middlebrow culture early on for wanted to being a poor mimic of true cultures
Contrasts stuff with true. Stuff provokes a real experience with her though
Book-of-the-Month editors were just as passionate.
Defined themselves against academics which they see as too technical, too focused.
Middlebrow culture was created to address the needs of a new class
Connects to Edward W. Said and Alan Purves
Alan Purves
Telling Our Story about Teaching Literature
Criticizes new researchers and teachers, pits them against teachers
Critical of jargon
Purpose of teaching is to get students to think, write and speak about works they wouldn't otherwise read.
How a story is consumed is unimportant
Believes experiences like Radway's are unimportant in intellectual pursuit.
Things there is a set of norms and questions that are age old for examining literature
Believes literature needs to expand its media
Wants students to know what is literature
Relates to Janice A. Radway and Harold Bloom
Harold Bloom
Elegiac Conclusion
Critical of new media and entertainment
Literary education is dying, likely to go way of classics
Believes literature does not need to be identified
Against all theories
Western Literature is Shakespeare and Dante
Denies that reading the oppressed benefits them
Encourages immersion in great authors
What should I not read?
If canons were the result of culture, class, etc, then why are not all arts that way?
Relates to Alan Purves, Barbara Herrnstein Smith and Jane Tompkins and somewhat to all others minority writers