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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
symbol
a person, place, or event that stands for both itself and something beyond itself.
parallelism
the repetition of words, phrases, or sentences that have the same grammatical structure or that restate a similar idea.
theme
the central idea or insight about human experience revealed in a work of literature.
blank verse/iambic pentameter
poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter/a line of poetry made up of 5 iambs.
personification
a kind of metaphor in which a nonhuman or nonliving thing or quality is talked about as if it were human or had life.
allusion
a reference to a statement, person, place, thing, or event that is known from literature, history, religion, mythology, politics, sports, science, or popular culture.
tanka
a traditional 5-line form of Japanese poetry.
haiku
a brief, unrhymed, 3-line poem developed in Japan in the 1600s.
imagery
language that appeals to the senses.
alliteration
the repetition of consonant sounds in words that are close to one another.
literary ballad
composed & written down by known poets, usually in the style of folk ballads.
assonance
the repetition of similar vowel sounds followed by different consonant sounds in words that are close together.
simile
a figure of speech that makes a comparison between 2 seemingly unlike things using "like" or "as".
extended simile
epic or homeric simile; many parallels are made b/w 2 unlike things.
apostrophe
a figure of speech in which a speaker directly addresses an absent or dead person, an abstract quality, or something nonhuman as if it were present and capable of responding.
irony
a contrast or discrepancy b/w expectation and reality-b/w what is said and what is meant, b/w what is expected and what really happens, or b/w what appears to be true and what is really true.
ode
a complex, generally long lyric poem on a serious subject.
mood
the feeling in a literary work.
sonnet
a 14-line lyric poem, usually written in iambic pentameter, that has 1 of several rhyme schemes.
synthesia
in literature, a term used for descriptions of one kind of sensation in terms of another.
metaphor
a figure of speech that makes a comparision between two seemingly unlike things w/o using a connective word such ad "like" or "as".
terza rima
an interlocking, 3-line stanza form with the rhyme scheme aba cdc ded...