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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Alliteration
Repitition of the same consonant sounds in a sequence of words "luscious Lemons"
Allusion
Brief reference to a person, place, thing, event, or idea in history or literature
Assonance
Repitition of internal vowel sounds in nearby words that do not end the same "asleep under a tree' or "each evening"
Consonance
Common type of near rhyme that consists of identical consonant sounds preceded by different vowel sounds: home, same; worth, breath
Cacophony
Language that is discordant and difficult to prnounce, such as "never my numb punker fumbles"; "bad sound", used consciously for deliberate dramatic effect
Euphony
"good sound"; Refers to language that is smooth and musically pleasant to the ear
Connotation
associations and implicaitons that go beyond a wrod's literal meaning and deriving from how the word has been commonly used and associations people make with it
Denotation
dictionary meaning of a word
Image
word, phrase,or figure of speech tha adresses the senses, suggesting mental pictures of sights, sounds, smells, tastes, feelings, or actions. (similes or metaphors)Conves emotions and moods through verbal pictures
Figures of Speech
ways of using language that deviate from teh liteeral, denotative meanings of words in order to suggest additional meanings or effects
Metaphor
&
Simile
M-figure of speech that makes a comparison between 2 unlike things, withought using the words like or as
S- common figure of speech that makes an explicit comparison between two things using like, as, than, appears, and seems
Hyperbole
boldly exaggerated statement that adds emphasis without intending to be literally true
Irony
literary device that uses contradictory statements or situations to reveal a reality different from what appearsto be true
Paradox
statement that initially appears to be contradictory but then, turns out to make sense; "Death, thou shalt die"
Parody
humorous imitation of another, usually serious, work- imitate the thetone, language and shape of original
Persona
persona is a mask; speaker created by a writer to tell a story or to speak in a poem; not a character in a story or narrative
Personification
form of a metaphor in which human characteristics are attributed to nonhuman things; give the world life and motion by assigning familiar human behaviors and emotions to animals/inanimate objects/abstract ideas
Symbol
person, object, image, word, or event that evokes a range of additional meaning beyond and usually more abstract that its literal significance
Rhyme
repitition of identical or similar concluding syllables in different words, most often at the ends of lines
Sonnet:
Italian
&
English
Fixed form of lyric poetry consisting of 14 lines, usually written in iambic pentameter
I- divided into an octave, rhyming abbaabba
E- 2 quatrains and a couplet rhyming abab cdcd efef gg
Octave
poetic stanza of eight lines, usually forming one part of a sonnet
Sestet
stanza consisting of exactly six lines
Tercet
three line stanza
Couplet
Two consecutive lines of poetry that usually rhyme and ahve the same meter
Quatrain
four line stanza; most common
Ballad
song, transmitted orally from generation to generation, that tells a story an that eventually is written down
Ode
relatively lengthy lyric poemt hat often expresses lofty emotions in a dignified style; serious topic such as truth, art, freedom, justice, or meaning of line; tone is formal
Blank Verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter; English verse form closest to the natural rhytms of english speech and is the most common pattern
Free Verse
open form poetry; refers to pems charactgerized by their nonconformity to established patterns of meter, rhyme, and stanza
Elegy
mournful, contemplative lyric poem written to commemorate someone who is dead, often ending in a consolation
Epic
long, narrative poem, todl in a formal, elevated style, that focuses on a serious subject and chronicles heroic deeds and events important to a culture or nation
Lyric
type of brief poem that expresses the personal emotions and thoughts of a single speaker
Villanelle
type of fixed poetry consisting of 19 lines of any length divided into 6 stanzas: 5 tercets and a concluding quatrain
Enjambment
when one line ends without a pause and continues into the next line for its meaning; run on line
Onomatopoeia
use of a word that resembles the sound it denotes: buzz, rattle, bang, sizzle
Oxymoron
condensed form of paradox in which two contradictory words are used together "sweet sorrow" or "jumbo shrip"
Dramatic Dialogue
type of lyric poem in which a character (the speaker)addresses a distinct but silent audience imagined to be present in the poem in such a way as to reveal a dramatic situation and often unintentionally some aspect of his or her temperament or personality