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64 Cards in this Set

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Allegory
a narrative, in prose or verse, in whish the agents and actions are contrived by the author to make coherent sense on the "literal" or primar level of signification, and at the same time to signify a second, correlated order of signification.
a narrative, in prose or verse, in whish the agents and actions are contrived by the author to make coherent sense on the "literal" or primar level of signification, and at the same time to signify a second, correlated order of signification.
Allegory
Alliteration
the repetition of a speech sound in a sequence of nearby words. (Usually only refering to consonants.)
Allusion
a passing reference, without explicit identification, to a literary, historical person, place, event or passage.
Most serve to illustrate or expand upon a subject or to undercut ironically.
a passing reference, without explicit identification, to a literary, historical person, place, event or passage.
Most serve to illustrate or expand upon a subject or to undercut ironically.
Allusion
Anticlimax
a non-derogatory and deliberate drop from serious and elevated to the trivial and lowly in order to achieve comic or satiric effect.
a non-derogatory and deliberate drop from serious and elevated to the trivial and lowly in order to achieve comic or satiric effect.
Anticlimax
Bathos
an abrupt transition in style from the exalted to the commonplace, producing a ludicrous effect. Usually unintentional.
an abrupt transition in style from the exalted to the commonplace, producing a ludicrous effect. Usually unintentional.
Bathos
Apostrophe
an exclamatory rhetorical figure of speech, when a speaker or writer breaks off and directs speech to an imaginary person or abstract quality or idea.
an exclamatory rhetorical figure of speech, when a speaker or writer breaks off and directs speech to an imaginary person or abstract quality or idea.
Apostropher (απο-στροφη) turning away.
Assonance
the repetition of vowel sounds to create internal rhyming within phrases or sentences. "Do you like blue"
the repetition of vowel sounds to create internal rhyming within phrases or sentences. "Do you like blue"
Assonance
Ballad
A song which tells a story. Ballad stanza - a quatrain - usually the 2nd and 4th line rhyme.
A song which tells a story. stanza - a quatrain - usually the 2nd and 4th line rhyme.
Ballad
Blank Verse
Unrhymed Iambic Pentametre. Closest to english natural speech and yet also flexible and adaptive.
Unrhymed Iambic Pentametre. Closest to english natural speech and yet also flexible and adaptive.
Blank Verse
Burlesque
an incongruous imitation - it imitates the manner, form and style or the subject matter of a serious literary work or literary genre, - but it is amusing because of the disparity between manner and matter.

High Burlequse - High Style low matter.
Low Burlesque - Low Style high subject.
an incongruous imitation - it imitates the manner, form and style or the subject matter of a serious literary work or literary genre, - but it is amusing because of the disparity between manner and matter.
Burlesque
Caesura
A grammatical pause in the middle of aline.
Chiasmus
figure of speech in which two or more clauses are related to each other through a reversal of structures in order to make a larger point; that is, the clauses display inverted parallelism.
figure of speech in which two or more clauses are related to each other through a reversal of structures in order to make a larger point; that is, the clauses display inverted parallelism.
Chaismus
Closure
the sense of conclusion given at the end of a poem.
One of the most common techniques is setting up a regular pattern and then breaking it to mark the end of a poem.
Conceit
an extended metaphor with a complex logic that governs a poetic passage or entire poem.
A way of framing a poem.
an extended metaphor with a complex logic that governs a poetic passage or entire poem.
Conceit
Consonance
The opposite of Dissonance
Dramatic Monologue
A length speech by a single person. A type of lyric poem. A) person is patently not the poet. B) The person addresses/interacts with an interlocutor.
C) The purpose is to reveal to the reader the speakers temperament and character.
A length speech by a single person. A type of lyric poem. A) person is patently not the poet. B) The person addresses/interacts with an interlocutor.
C) The purpose is to reveal to the reader the speakers temperament and character.
Dramatic Monologue
Epic
a long verse narrative on a serious subject, told in a formal and elevated style and centered on a heroic or quasi-divine figure, upon whose actions depends the fate of a tribe, nation or the human race.
a long verse narrative on a serious subject, told in a formal and elevated style and centered on a heroic or quasi-divine figure, upon whose actions depends the fate of a tribe, nation or the human race.
Epic
Ekphrasis
a rhetorical device in which one medium of art tries to relate to another medium by defining and describing its essence and form, and in doing so, relate more directly to the audience, through its illuminative liveliness. A descriptive work of prose or poetry, a film, or even a photograph may thus highlight through its rhetorical vividness what is happening,
a rhetorical device in which one medium of art tries to relate to another medium by defining and describing its essence and form, and in doing so, relate more directly to the audience, through its illuminative liveliness. A descriptive work of prose or poetry, a film, or even a photograph may thus highlight through its rhetorical vividness what is happening,
Ekphrasis
Epiphany
a manifestation or showing forth of god. Or the sudden sense of radiance and revelation that one may feel while perceiving a commonplace object. A sudden spiritual manifestation.
a manifestation or showing forth of god. Or the sudden sense of radiance and revelation that one may feel while perceiving a commonplace object. A sudden spiritual manifestation.
Epiphany
Figurative Language
a conspicuous departure from what users of a language apprehend as the standard meaning of words or syntax, in order to achieve some special meaning or effect.
a conspicuous departure from what users of a language apprehend as the standard meaning of words or syntax, in order to achieve some special meaning or effect.
Figurative Language
Free Indirect Discourse
a style of third-person narration which uses some of the characteristics of third-person along with the essence of first-person direct speech.
a style of third-person narration which uses some of the characteristics of third-person along with the essence of first-person direct speech.
Free Indirect Discourse
Free Verse
Verse with no rhythmic pattern nor regular meter. Often with irregular line length
Heroic Couplet
Rhyming pairs of Iambic Pentameter
Rhyming Pairs of Iambic Pentameter
Heroic Couplet
Hyperbole
Throwing over - figure of speech or trope that is a bold overstatement, or extravagant exaggeration of fact or possibility.
Implied Author
a concept of literary criticism developed in the 20th century. Distinct from the author and the narrator, the term refers to the character a reader may attribute to an author based on the way a literary work is written, which may differ considerably from the author's true personality.
a concept of literary criticism developed in the 20th century. Distinct from the author and the narrator, the term refers to the character a reader may attribute to an author based on the way a literary work is written, which may differ considerably from the author's true personality.
Implied Author
Irony
a dissembling or hiding of what is actually the case; not for the purpose of deceiving, but to achieve special rhetorical or artistic effects.
a dissembling or hiding of what is actually the case; not for the purpose of deceiving, but to achieve special rhetorical or artistic effects.
Irony
Metonymy
a figure of speech used in rhetoric in which a thing or concept is not called by its own name, but by the name of something intimately associated with that thing or concept.
a figure of speech used in rhetoric in which a thing or concept is not called by its own name, but by the name of something intimately associated with that thing or concept.
Metonymy
Meter
the basic rhythmic structure of a verse or lines in verse.
Mode
An unspecific critical term usually identifying a broad, but identifiable literary method, mood, or manner, that is not tied exclusively to a particular form or genre. [Some] examples are the satiric mode, the ironic, the comic, the pastoral, and the didactic. (CB)
An unspecific critical term usually identifying a broad, but identifiable literary method, mood, or manner, that is not tied exclusively to a particular form or genre. [Some] examples are the satiric mode, the ironic, the comic, the pastoral, and the didactic. (CB)
Mode
Ode
A long lyric poem that is serious in subject and treatment, elevated in style and elaborate in its stanzaic structure.
A long lyric poem that is serious in subject and treatment, elevated in style and elaborate in its stanzaic structure.
ode
Paradox
a statement that at first appears to be logically absurd but turns out to be interpretable in a way that makes sense.
a statement that at first appears to be logically absurd but turns out to be interpretable in a way that makes sense.
Paradox
Pastoral
a deliberately conventional poem expressing an urban poet's nostalgic image of the peace and simplicity of the life of shepherds and rural folk and an idealized natural setting.
Pastoral Elegy
a poem about both death and idyllic rural life. Often, the pastoral elegy features shepherds. The genre is actually a subgroup of pastoral poetry, as the elegy takes the pastoral elements and relates them to expressing the poet’s grief at a loss.
Persona
the first person speaker who tells the story in a narrative poem or nvoe or whose voice we hear in a lyric.
Voice
the pervasive speech of a poem. Points to our awareness of a real voice beyond the ficticious voice of the persona, a voice behind the narration. But better yet an implied author
Point of View
signifies the way a story gets told, how the story is told.
Satire
the literary art of diminishing or derogating a subject by making it ridiculous and evoking toward it attitudes of amusement contempt scorn or idignation
Synechdoche
A part that represents the whole
Zeugma
a figure of speech in which two or more parts of a sentence are joined with a single common verb or noun
a figure of speech in which two or more parts of a sentence are joined with a single common verb or noun
Zeugma