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13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
-Celebratory (Shelley)
-Meditative (Keats)
-Not fixed; open-ended
-Can either celebrate, commemorate, or meditate on a person or event; tend to be personal
Dramatic Monologue
-Browning "My Last Duchess"
Heroic Couplets
-Rhymed; perfectly balanced; witty
-Age of Enlightenment
-Browning's "My Last Duchess"
-Wordsworth's "Tintern Abbey"
-Eliot's "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock"
Terza Rima
-galloping verse form; pulls reader along
-Shelley's "Ode to the West Wind"
-Dante's Divine Comedy in "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock"
Blank Verse
-imitates rhythms of English speech; more similar to human speech
-Regular, unrhymed, iambic pentameter (5 beats per line)
-Used by Milton in "Paradise Lost"; he used it in the epic voice; haughty
-Used by Wordsworth in "Tintern Abbey"; natural voice of the common man
Free Verse
-Irregular; mix of rhymed and unrhymed; mix of line lengths
-Eliot's "Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock"
-Gives sense of fragmented world in Arnold's "Dover Beach"
Sprung Rhythm
-Coined by Hopkins
-High tension poetic voice holding everything together
-self-consciously torqued language
The Age of Enlightenment
18th century
*Sound & Sense:
*Highly artificial
*Makes fun of poets who just care about rhyme and meter and the people who thought poetry was good based on its rhymes
*Doesn't want totally natural flow
-Rationality; balance
Late 18th, early 19th
-Blake, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Shelley, Keats
Historical Time Periods

A: 18th century
R: late 18th, early 19th
V: 19th
M: 20th century
Poets of Each Time Period
A: P
Wordsworth: Romantic Revolution
-Connections of human beings in peaceful times, not violent times
-Subjects of common life using common language
-In contrast to Pope's enlightenment ideal of rationality and balance, wit and artifice
-Transformation of Milton's epic voice; no need for cosmic forces battling in a cosmic paradise
-Believed that feeling gave importance to action; the feelings brought to situations made unimportant things important
-Saw science as cold and poetry as impassioned
-Thought the accumulation of men in cities was degrading
-Saw poetry as the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings, recalled in tranquility
Historical Issues of the Time Periods
-Romantic: cities--> quality of life, population, factories
-Victorian: "the Woman question", faith as withdrawn; progress
-Modern: weakening of human relationships; technology/war/ destruction