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24 Cards in this Set

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the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
alliteration
the repetition of vowel sounds with rhyming words
assonance
when the writer writes to express him or herself, to inform or explain, to persuade or entertain.
writer's purpose
indirect reference to another literary work or to a famous person, place or event
allusion
a figure of speech in which the truth is exaggerated for emphasis or for humerous effect
hyperbole
figure of speech that makes comparison between two generally unlike things, and doesnt use the words like or as.
metaphor
figure of speech that makes comparison between two things, and uses the words like or as.
simile
figure of speech in which human qualities are attributed to an object, animal or idea.
personification
method of narrating a short story, novel, narrative poem, or work of nonfiction.
point of view
brief descriptive phrase that points out traits associated with a particular person or thing.
epithet
point-by-point comparison between two things that are alike in some respect.
analogy
brief tale told to illustrate a moral or teach a lesson.
fable.
the use of words that describe their meanings.
onomatopoeia
special kind of contrast between appearance and reality.
irony
contrast between what a read or character expects and what actually exists or happens
situational irony
when someone knowingly exaggerates or says one thing and means another.
verbal irony.
where the reader or viewer knows something that a character does not know.
dramatic irony.
consists of descriptive words and phrases the re-create sensory experiences for the reader.
imagery
long, narrative poem about adventures of a hero whose actions reflect the ideals and values of a nation or race.
epic
a long, elaborate comparison that often continues for a number of lines.
epic simile
Stages of the writing process
prewriting, rough draft, revise, edit and publish
parts of the business letter
heading, inside address, salutation, body, and closing
elements of the short story
character, setting, plot, point of view, and theme
plot elements
exposition, narrative hook, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution