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26 Cards in this Set

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ADH
Neurohypophysis Gland in Pituitary

stimulates water retention in kidney tubules
Oxytocin
Neurohypophysis of Pituitary

stimulates uterine contractions and milk release
ACTH
Adenohypophysis

stimulates adrenal cortex to release glucocorticoids
TSH
Adenohypophysis

stimulates the thyroid gland to release thyroxine and triiodothyronine
FSH
Adenohypophysis

Stimulates spermatogenesis in male testes
sertoli cells
LH
Adenohypophysis

works with FSH to stimulate synthesis and release of testosterone. stimulate porduction of estrogen from the ovary, progestorone from corpus luteum
GH
Adenohypophysis

stimulates liver to produce somatomedins
MSH
Adenohypophysis

stimulates melanophores to produce melanin and disperse it throughout the melanophore
Prolactin
Adenohypophysis

stimulates milk production in mammals. stimulates crop milk in birds and formation of brood patch
glucocorticoids
3rd order hormones

steroids that have metabollic effects on all cells primarily glucogenesis
T3 and T4
increase metabolic rate in muscle,heart, liver, kidney, sensitize cells to effects of catecholamines
Testosterone
stimulates spermatogenesis, growth through protein synthesis , male seondary sex characteristics
Estrogen
regulates ovarian cycle, reduces sensitivity of tissues to insuling; counters of the effect of PTH in the bone; increases blood levels of renin and Angiotensin II
Progesterone
regulates ovarian cycle; tends to cause fluid and salt retention via stimulation of renin and aldosterone
Somatomedians
accelerate tissue growth, especially bone tissue
Insulin
Pancreas gland

produced by beta cells, produces glucose uptake in all body cells; in muscle it causes glycogen syntesis; in kindeys it causes glucose reabsorbtion; in liver it supresses glycogenolysis
Glucagon
pancreas gland

produced by alpha cells, promotes glycogenolysis, primarily in the liver
Epinephrine and norepinephrine
adrenal medulla

potent gylcogenolytic effects on skeletal and heart muscle; they also assist the sympathetic effects on numerous visceral organs
PTH
Parathyroid

causes mobilization of Ca+2 from bone, increased reabsorbtion of Ca+2 in the kidney and increased uptake of Ca+2 across the gut
too much can cause kidney stones
Calcitonin
parafollicular cells

dominates action of PTH, supresses the release of Ca+2 from bone
c cells of parathyroid
Mineralacorticoids
(aldosterone)
adrenal cortex

causes an active resorption of Na+ in the kidney tubules
depolarization of kidney cells
Renin
Juxtaglomerular apparatus

converts alpha-2 globulin to Angiotensin I in the blood. Angiotensin I is converted to Angiotensin II causes vasoconstriction and a subsequent increase in blood pressure, and also stimulates the release of aldosterone
Erythropoietin
Kidney

stimulates the bone marrow to produce red blood cells
Gluconeogenesis
making of glucose from non-carbohydrate source
Glycogenolysis
breaking down of glycogen to glucose
Glycogenesis
making glycogen from carbohydrate source