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12 Cards in this Set

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Define hormone
Chemical substance released by a gland that controls or affects processes in other glands or body systems
Define endocrine gland
Gland that secretes chemical substances directly into the blood
What is the difference between endocrine glands and exocrine glands?
Exocrine glands have localized effects and endocrine glands tend to have widespread effects
Define homeostasis
The natural tendency of the body to keep the internal environment and metabolism steady and normal
Define metabolism
The sum of cellular processes that produce the energy and molecules needed for growth and repair
Define diabetes mellitus
Disorder of inadequate insulin activity, due either to inadequate production of insulin or to decreased responsiveness of body cells to insulin
Define anabolism
The constructive or "building up" phase of metabolism
Define catabolism
The destructive or "breaking down" phase of metabolism
Define ketone bodies
Compounds produced during catabolism of fatty acids, including acetoacetic acid, beta-hydroxybutyric acid and acetone
Define ketosis
The presence of significant quantities of ketone bodies in the blood
Define hypoglycemia
Low blood sugar. Also called insulin shock
Define hyperglycemia
High blood sugar