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17 Cards in this Set

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exophthalmos
condition in which the eyeballs protrude, such as in Graves' disease. This is generally caused by an overproduction of thyroid hormone
gynecomastia
development of breast tissue in males
Addison's disease
results from a deficiency in adrenocortical hormones. sometimes increased pigmentation of the skin, generalized weakness, and weight loss
adrenal virilism
devo of male secondary sex characteristics (deep voice, facial hair) in a female. Often a result of increased androgen secretion by the adrenal cortex
Cushing's syndrome
set of symptoms that result from hypersecretion of the adrenal cortex. this may be the result of a tumor of the adrenal glands. weakness, edema, excess hair growth, osteoporosis
pheochromocytoma
usually benign tumor of the adrenal medulla that secretes epinephrine. symptoms are anxiety, heart palpitations, dyspnea, profuse sweating
diabetic retinopathy
secondary complication of diabetes that affects the blood vessels of the retina, resulting in visual changes and even blindness
insulinoma
tumor of the islets of Langerhans that makes is secrete an excessive amount of insulin
ketoacidosis/diabetic acidosis
acidosis due to an excess of acidic ketone bodies (waste products)
tetany
nerve irritability and painful muscle cramps resulting from hypocalcemia.
Recklinghausen disease
excessive production of parathyroid hormone, which results in degeneration of the bones
cretinism
congenital condition in which a lack of thyroid hormones may result in arrested physical and mental development
Graves' disease
overactivity of the thyroid gland
Hashimotos's disease
chronic autoimmune form of thyroiditis
myxedema
condition resulting from a hyposecretion of the throid gland in an adult. anemia, slow speech, swollen facial features
thyrotoxicosis
marked overproduction of the thyroid gland. rapid heart action, tremors
chemical thyroidectomy
large dose of radioactive iodine is given in order to kill thyroid gland cells without having to actually do surgery