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20 Cards in this Set

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Addison's disease
Condition resulting in a decrease in adrenal cortical hormones, such as mineralocorticoids and glucocorticoids, that causes symptoms including muscle weakness and weight loss.
Autoimmune disease
Condition in which a person's tissues are attacked by his/her immune system; abnormal antigen-antibody reaction.
Cretinism
Conditin in which the development of the brain and body is inhibited by congenital lack of thyroid secretion.
Cushings disease
Syndrome causing an increase in secretion of the adrenal cortex with excessive production of gluco-corticoids that includes symptoms such as moon face and deposits of fat (buffalo hump).
Euthyroid
Normal functioning thyroid gland.
Exophthalamos
Prominence of the eyeball due to increased thyroid hormone.
Glucose
Simple sugar.
Goiter
Condition in which the thyroid is enlarged because of a lack of iodine, known as simple goiter, or because of a tumor, known as toxic goiter.
Graves' disease
Condition caused by hypersecretion of thyroid with diffuse goiter, exophtalmos, and skin changes.
Homeostasis
Equilibrium of the body by feedback and body regulation processes.
Hormone
Chemical substances produced and secreted by an endocrine duct into the bloodstream or duct that result in a physiological response at a specific target tissue.
Hypercalcemia
Unusually high concentration of calcium in the blood.
Hyperglycemia
Abnormally high glucose content circulating in the bloodstream.
Hypocalcemia
Low concentration of calcium in the blood.
Hypoglycemia
Abnormally low glucose content circulating in the bloodstream.
Myxedema
Condition associated with a decrease in overall thyroid function in adults; also known as hypothyroidism.
Osteoporosis
Condition associated with the decrease of bone mass and softening of bones, resulting in the increased possibility of bone fractures.
Paget's disease
Condition that affects older adults in which the density of the bones decreases, resulting in softening and weakening.
Thyroxine
Known as T4; contains four ions of iodine.
Triiodothyronine
Known as T3; contains three ions of iodine.