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46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
where are sex hormones, androgenes, produced (zone, layer, gland)?
zona reticularis of the cortex of the adrenal gland
what hormone is produced in the testes and maintains secondary sex characteristics and sex drives
testosterone
what is the function of pancreatic polypeptide and what cells in what gland produce it?
acts to regulate the production of pancreatic hormones

F-cells in the pancreas
what is another name for the adrenal glands?
suprarenal glands
where are the adrenal glands located?
superior pole of the kidney
what is the function of the mineralocoricoids and what zone in what layer in what gland are they secreted?
maintain balance sodium secretion

zona glomerulosa of the cortex of the adrenal gland
what is the most external zone of the cortex of the adrenal gland
zona glomerulosa
what is the middle zone in the cortex of the adrenal glands?
zona fasiculata
what is the inner zone of the cortex of the adrenal glands?
zona reticularis
what is the function of glucocorticoids and what zone of what part of what gland are secretes them?
regulates metabolism and acts as an antiinflammatory

zona fasiculata of the cortex of the adrenal gland
where are norepinephrine and epinephrine produced and what are their functions?
in the medulla of the adrenal glands and they are the bais of sympathetic response
where is the pineal gland located?
near the posterior midbrain
what is the function of melatonin and where is it secreted?
regulates circadian rhythm and is produced in the pineal gland
what hormone is produced in the ovaries and regulates ovarian cycle and maintains secondary sex characteristics?
estrogen
what hormone produced in the ovaries prepares the uterus for pregancy?
progesterone
what is the function of renin and where is it secreted?
activates an enzyme that maintains blood pressure
kidneys
what is the function of erythropoietin and where is it secreted?
causes blood cell production
kidney
what is the function of calcitriol and where is it secreted?
increases calcium and phosphorus levels in blood

kidney
where is the atrial natruiretic peptide (ANP) produced, what causes its secretion and where is it secreted?
sepresses vasopressin and stimulates diuretics so that more sodium is secreted in the urine (lowers BP)

high bp causes
produced in right atrium
which system secretes thru ducts to epithelial surfacs?
exocrine system
what system secretes hormones directly into the blood stream?
endocrine
what endocrine gland is housed in the sella turcica of the sphenoid bone, attached to the hypothalamus by the infundibulum
the pituitary gland (hypophysis)
what is the other name for the Adenohypophysis?
the anterior lobe, or pars distalis
where is the growht hormone secreted and what is its function?
enhances and maintains body size

from anterior lobe of the pituitary gland
what is the function of the TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone) and where is it secreted?
drives secretion of thyroid hormones

anterior lobe of the pituitary
what is the function of the ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone) and where is it secreted?
drives hormone secretion at the adrenal cortex
ant. lobe of pituitary
what is the function of the follicle stimulating hormone in males and females and where is it secreted?
f: stimulates development of ovarian follicle

m: regulates sperm production

ant. lobe of pituitary
what is the function of the luteinizing hormone (LH) and where is it secreted?
F: stimulates ovulation and sex hormone production
M: stimulates sex hormone production

ant. lobe of the pituitary
what is the function of Prolactin (M and F) and where is it secreted
F: production of milk in mammary glands
M: maintains reproductive tract
ant. lobe of the pituitary
what is the other name for the intermediate lobe of the pituitary gland?
pars intermedia
what is the function of the melanocyte stimulating hormone (MSH) and where is it secreted?
stimulates melanocytes
intermediate lobe of the pituitary gland
what is the other name for the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland?
Neurohypophysis
what lobe of the pituitary gland releases hormones that were produced in the brain?
the posterior lobe
what are the functions of vasopressin and where is it secreted?
prevents/limits amount of urine secretion

posterior lobe of the pituitary gland
what is another name for the hormone vasopressin?
antidiuretic hormone
where is the thyroid gland located?
inferior to the larynx, it has 2 lobes with connting sithmus
what is the function of thyroxin and where is it secreted?
increases cellular metabolism

thyroid
what is the function of calcitonin nd where is it secreted?
decreases calcium levels in the blood

thyroid
what is the function of calcitonin nd where is it secreted?
decreases calcium levels in the blood

thyroid
where are the parathyroids found?
embedded in the posterior surface of the thyroid lobes
what is the function of the parathyroid hormone?
increases calcium levels in the blood
where is the pancreas located?
posterior to the stomach
what is the function of insulin, where and what cells is it secreted by?
reduces blood sugar levels

beta cells in pancreas
what is the function of glucagon and what cells in what gland secrete it?
raises blood sugar levels

alpha cells in pancreas
what is the function of somatostatin and what cells in what gland produce it?
regulates production of insulin and glucagon

delta cells in the pancreas
what is the function of oxytocin and where is it secreted?
milk ejection response in females and loosens the pelvic muscles for child birth

posterior lobe of pituitary gland