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25 Cards in this Set

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Hypothalamus
1) Hormone: releasing hormones
Action o/t Hormon: stimulates the pituitary to secrete its hormones
Works in conjunction with pituitary gland
Gland: Hypothalamus
releases hormones that stimulate pituitary to secrete its hormones
works w/ pituitary
FSH
Made in: anterior pituitary
Action:controls growth, developmnet, & functioning of the glands
In pituitary
Releasing hormones
+hypothalamus
+stimulates the pituitary to secrete its hormones
+pituitary
FSH
+anterior pituitary
+control growth, development, & functioning o/t gonads
anterior pituitary
LH
+anterior pituitary
+control growth, development, & functioning o/t gonads
anterior pituitary
TSH
+anterior pituitary
+stimulates tyroid gland
+anterior pituitary
ACTH
+anterior pituitary
+stimulates adrenal cortex
+adrenaline
GH
+anterior pituitary
+stimulates growth in body cells
+growth
Prolactin
+anterior pituitary
+stimulates production of milk in females
+females
MSH
+anterior pituitary
+stimulates productin of melanin
+skin
ADH
+posterior pituitary
+stimulates water retention in the kidneys
+nephron
Oxytocin
+posterior pituitary
+stimulates contraction of uterus during labor & release of milk during nursing
+child-birth
thyrxine
+thyroid
+regulates cellular metabolic rate (direct releationship)
+metabolism
Calcitonin
+thyroid
+lowers blood Ca+ levels
+Ca+
PTH
+parathyroid
+increases blood Ca+ levels
+Ca+
Aldosterone
+adrenal cortex
+regulates reabsorbtion of Na+ & excretion of K+ in the kidneys (water/salt balance)
+salt
Cortisol
+adrenal cortex
+long term stress response
+regulates metabolism of carbs, fats, & proteins [the energy avalibility to the blood]
+blood energy
Adrenaline
+adrenal medulla
+fight or flight response
+increases blood glucose levels & cellular metabolism; increases heart rate, blood pressure, & blood supply to skeletal muscles
+fight
Noradrenaline
+adrenal medulla
+stimulation of cardiac muscles
+heart
Insulin
+pancreas (island of langerhans)
+increase glucose absorbtion & storage of glucose
-in liver:glucose stored as glycogen
-in body:glucose stored as fat (deacrease blood glucose levels)
+glucose
Glucagon
+pancreas
+increase glycogen breakdown 1st, fat 2nd (increase blood glucose levels)
+pancreas
Estrogen
+Gonads (ovary:female)
+development of sex cells, sexual charachteristics & controls sexual behavior cycles
+sex
Progesterone
+Gonads (ovary:female)
+thickening of uterine lining
+lining
Androgens (testosterone)
+gonads (testes:males)
+development of sex cells, sexual charachteristics & controls sexual behavior cycles
+like estrogen