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30 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Endocrine System
Mainenance of physiologic stability every cell,, organ in the body is under its influence
Neuroendocrine System
Hypothalmus and pituitary Galnd function together with primary direction coming from hypothalamus
Negative Feedback System
Hormone secretetion is regulated that involves a decrease or increase in fuction in response to a stimulus
Anterior Pituitary Hormones
ACTH, FSH, LH, PH, GH, TSH,
Posterior Pituitary Hormones
ADH and Oxytocin
Purpose of Pituitary Agents
Diagnostic aid for hypo or hyper function, replacement therapy, durg therapy to produce response
Mechanism of Action
Pituitary agents mimic tha ction s of the pituitary hormones or antagonize the action of the pituitary hormones
ACTH/Corticotropin
Adrenal gland-adrenal cortex stimulates production of corisol aldosterone
FSH
stimulates ovaum and follicular grown or sermatogenisis
LH
stimulates ovulation and estrogen releas or promotes sperm production and testosterone secretion
Prolactin
Targets mammary gland
GH
Increase protein synthis liver glycogenenolysis and fat mobilazation
GH deficiency in child
Dwarfism
Giantism
Excessive GH prior to puberty
Acromegaly
Excesive GH during adulthood
TSH
Throtoprin increases procuction and secretion of thyroid hormons used to diaginos thyroid cancer
ADH
Acts on kdney cause reabsorbtion of water. concerntrates urine and contacts smooth muscle of vessels and GI Tract
Diabetes Insipidus
deficiency of endogenou ADH
Vasopressin
performs all functions of ADH adverse affects are water intoxication
Oxytocin
Mammary glands stimulated milk ejaculation and contract smooth muscles of uterus
Adrenal Agents
2 different endocrine glands Adrenal cortex and adrenal medulla
Adrenal Medulla
epnephrine, noreplinephrine and dopamine
Adrenal Cortex
3 classes of steroids
Glucocorticoids
Mineal ocorticoids
Androgens
Glucocorticoids
Influence carbohydrate metabolism as well as fat and protein Coriisol most important
Cushing's syndrome
Hypersecretion of adrenocortical hormones or large doses given over a prolonged time
Addison's disease
Hyposecretion of adrenacortical hormones
Mineralocorticoids
Natural hormone:aldosterone
Synthetic: fludrocortisone (Florinef)
Aminoglutethimide(Cytadren)
Give with antacid to minimize TI upset
Endogenous estrogens
Estradiol-healthy
Estrone-menapausal
Estriol-pregnancy
Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors
Viagra