Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/38

Click to flip

38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
TH stimulus
TRH
TSH
PRL stimulus
PRH (hypothalamus)
high estrogen
TH's primary effect
increase metabolic rate
calorigenic effect
OT effects
uterine contraction
milk letdown to suckling
utilizes Positive Feedback control
Pineal Gland Hormones?
What Gland?
melatonin
GH stimulated by:
exercise, stress
amino acids (arginine)
hypoglycemia
Stimulation/Inhibition of Melatonin?
Dark/Light
Gonadotropins
LH and FSH
Insulin - what type of hormone
Name a hypoglycemic hormone
FSH
Follicle Stimulating Hormone
What are the Thymus Hormones
Hormones of What Gland?
Thymopoeitin
Thymosin
TSH
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone
PRL abnormalities
Hyposecretion-
cretinism (child)
Myxedema (adults)
if iodine deficient --> Goiter
Hypersecretion -
Graves Disease (Mrs. Bush!)
Sign- Exopthalmos
GH abnormalities
Hypersecretion: Gigantism (child) Acromegaly (adult)
Hyposecretion: Dwarfism
TSH main effects
develop, secretion of thyroid hormone
GH effects
Effects (anabolic)
increased AA uptake (muscle)
increased sulfur into cartilage matrix
Fat released into blood (inhibits adipose synthesis
Decreased glucose use by cells (anti-insulin action)
TSH abnormalities
Hyposecretion-
cretinism (child)
Myxedema (adults)
if iodine deficient --> Goiter
Hypersecretion -
Graves Disease (Mrs. Bush!)
Sign- Exopthalmos
PRL
Prolactin
FSH main effects
gamete production, maturation
ACTH effects
increase blood glucose
water retention
anti-inflammatory (via Cortisol & derivatives)
GH
Growth Hormone
GH target
bone, skeletal muscle, liver
LH main effects
female: LH & FSH egg maturation triggers ovulation estrogens, progesterone synthesis
male: stimulates testosterone
LH/FSH features
released at puberty
stimulated by gonadotropin releasing hormone (hypothalamus)
exhibits feedback inhibition
found both in males & females
ADH info
inhibits urine production by kidney
stimulus is osmoreceptors
high [solute] in blood + --> ADH release
hypersecretion rare
inhibition (-) of ADH (alcohol, diuretics)
Diabetes insipidus (polyuria, polydipsia)
ACTH and aka?
Adrenocorticotropic or Corticotropin
OT
oxytocin
PRL inhibited by
PIH or dopamine
low estrogen (cyclic)
GH other features
synergist w/ Thyroid hormones
circadian rhythm (low a.m., high sleep)
ACTH stimulus
CRH (corticotropin releasing hormone) from hypothalamus due to:
Fever
Hypoglycemia
Stress (all types)
ACTH inhibition
inhibited by feedback inhibition of glucocorticoids
LH
Luteinizing Hormone
ADH
Antidiuretic Hormone
TSH stimulated by:
TRH, cold temps, pregnancy
TSH inhibited by:
rising thyroxine
somatostatin
GH inhibited by:
Somatostatin (via hypothalamus)
high GH
hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia
PRL effects
stimulates milk production mammary glands (only known effect in humans)
ATCH target
adrenal cortex
(stimulates release of > 20 different corticosteroids)