• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/6

Click to flip

6 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What can sorbitol cause?
osmotic swelling, altered ion gradient, schwann cell injury, and neuronal degeneration.
What are the functions of insulin?

And glucagon?
INSULIN - glucose uptake, storage and consumption,fatty acid synthesis, inhibits fatty acid release

GLUCAGON - gluconeogenesis and glucose release
What effect does insulin have in the liver?

And what does it do in adipose tissue?
glycogenesis, glycolysis, and FA synthesis

Inhibits hormone sensitive lipase (an enzyme that hydrolyzes stored triglycerides to free fatty acids)
What does glucagon do?
Increases glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis, and stimulates insulin release (because of the newly made glucose)
What does cortisol stimulate?

What does it inhibit?
gluconeogenesis, protein catabolism, lipolysis, glycogenesis

inhibits glucose uptake and utilization
What does growth hormone stimulate?

What does it inhibit?
gluconeogenesis, glycogenesis, lipolysis, and uptake of AAs and protein synthesis

inhibits glucose uptake and utilization