Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/58

Click to flip

58 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
drugs commonly administered at EMT level
aspirin, glucose, charcoal., and oxygen
Types of inhalers
metered dose and small volume nebulizer
drug for chest pain, opens vessels (vasodialation).
Drops BP
Nitroglycerin (pill or pump spray) sublingual
For Nitro to be administered, Systolic BP must be at least
100
Epinepherine is adiministerd how
intermuscular
drugs commonly administered at EMT level
aspirin, glucose, charcoal., and oxygen
Types of inhalers
metered dose and small volume nebulizer
Treatment for allergic reactions
epinepherine (naturally produced in the body)
describes the chemical structure of a drug
chemical name
drug for chest pain, opens vessels (vasodialation).
Drops BP
Nitroglycerin (pill or pump spray) sublingual
reflects chemical name of the drug, in a shorter form.
generic name
For Nitro to be administered, Systolic BP must be at least
100
brand name of a drug
trade name
Epinepherine is adiministerd how
intermuscular
name assigned to a drug by the US Pharmacopeia or Nat. Formulary
official name
Treatment for allergic reactions
epinepherine (naturally produced in the body)
describes the chemical structure of a drug
chemical name
reflects chemical name of the drug, in a shorter form.
generic name
brand name of a drug
trade name
name assigned to a drug by the US Pharmacopeia or Nat. Formulary
official name
how the medication is actuaqlly given to or taken by the patient
route
Four common routes of medication
oral, sublingual, inhalation, or intramuscular
medication forms
compressed powder or tablet, liquid or injection, Gel, Suspension(activated charcoal), fine powder for inhalation, Gas, Spray, Small volume nebulizer
Indications
why do you give the medication
Contraindication
why you wouldn't give a medication
Action
the effect a drug has on the body
side effects
undesirable actions that occur in addition to the desired actions of a medication
drug or other substance used as a remedy for an illness
medication
a chemical substance used to treat or prevent a disease or condition
drug
The Five Rights
Right: medication, patient, route, dose, and date/time
Researching drugs can be done through
poison control, phys desk reference, AMA drug eval, package inserts, EMS pocket drug reference guide, eProcrates for the PDA
inadequate tissue perfusion or hypoperfusion
shock
causes of shock
inadequate blood volume, inadequate pump function, inadequate vessel tone,
Types of distributive shock
septic, neurogenic, anaphylactic
Types of obstructive shock
from tension pneumothorax, from pulmonic embloism, from pericardial tamponade
Types of Hypovolemic shock
hemoragic(bleeding) and nonhemorrhagic-burn
Types of cardiogenic shock
From MI, CHF, depressed pump function, beta blockers channel blockers, from abnormal rhythm
Types o metabolic/respiratory shock
disturbances in oxygen diffusion, carrying, off loading, or use by cells
Effects of shock on nervous system
increased heart rate & contractile force, vasoconstriction, release of epinephine(fight or flight)
hormones stimulate the ___receptors in the peripherals, shunting the blood to the core
alpha
restlessness , anxiety, slight increased heart rate, pale and cool skin, increased resp rate and decreased body temp, are part of what stage of shock
compensatory stage or early stages
rapid heart rate, slowed speech, apathy, decreased BP, tachypnea, absent reflexes are slow...are all part of what stage of shock?
Decompensated or late signs
Assessment of a shock patient would show what symptoms/signs
altered mental status, pale, cool skin, delayed cap refill, decreased urine output, weak or absent peripheral pulse
cardiac muscle uses its oxygen/sugar stores within less than ___minutes
4
cardiac muscles swithch to anaerobic metabolism from __ to __minutes of cardiac arrest
4-10
cardiac cells swell, rupure and die after ___minutes
10
the time from when a cardiac arrest occurs to the beginning of CPR is called
downtime
the time from the cardiac arrest to the delivery of the patient to the emergency room
total downtime
ROSC
Return of Spontaneous circulation
A patient who is discharged from the hospital after cardiac arrest
survival
chain of survival
early acces(recognition and contact ems), early cpr, early defibrilation, early advanced care
most frequent initial rhythm of sudden cardic arrest is
ventricular fibrillation
The successful defibrillation is directly related to
thetime from fibrillation to defibrillation
biphasic
more effective with less energy
monophasic
less effective with more energy
only two shockable rhythms are
V fib and V tach
AED may be applied for children __to__yrs old, preferrably with pediatric dose
1-8
dont apply AED if
child less than 1 yr, trauma patient, downtime is greater than four to five minutes, and two minutes of cpr has not been performed.