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32 Cards in this Set

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A simple joint where the bony projections of the scapula and the clavicle meet at the top of the shoulder
acromioclavicular (AC) joint
A pearly layer of specialized cartilage covering the articular surfaces (contact surfaces on the ends) of bones in synovial joints.
articular cartilage
The heel bone
calcaneus
A fracture in which the skin is not broken
closed fracture
Swelling in a confined space that produces dangerous pressure; may cut off blood flow or damage sensitive tissue.
compartment syndrome
A grating or grinding sensation caused by fractured bone ends or joints rubbing together; also air bubbles under the skin that produce a crackling sound or crinkly feeling.
crepitus
Disruption of a joint in which ligaments are damaged and the bone ends are completely displaced
dislocation
A fracture in which bone fragments are separated from one another and not in anatomic alignment
displaced fracture
Bruising or discoloration associated with bleeding within or under the skin.
ecchymosis
The outer and smaller bone of the two bones of the lower leg.
fibula
A break in the continuity of a bone.
fracture
The part of the scapula that joins with the humeral head to form the glenohumeral joint.
glenoid fossa
Blood in the urine
hematuria
The place where two bones come into contact.
joint
A simple crack in the bone that has not caused the bone to move from its normal anatomic position; also called a hairline fracture.
nondisplaced fracture
Any break in a bone in which the overlying skin has been damaged
open fracture
Used to splint the bony pelvis to reduce hemorrhage from bone ends, venous disruption, and pain.
pelvic binders
Tenderness that is sharply localized at the site of the injury, found by gently palpating along the bone with the tip of one finger.
point tenderness
A hand position in which the wrist is slightly dorsiflexed and all finger joints are moderately flexed.
position of function
Return a dislocated joint or fractured bone to its normal position; set.
reduce
The space between the abdominal cavity and the posterior abdominal wall, containing the kidneys, certain large vessels, and parts of the gastrointestinal tract
retroperitoneal space
The major nerve to the lower extremities; controls much of muscle function in the leg and sensation in most of the leg and foot.
sciatic nerve
A bandage or material that helps to support the weight of an injured upper extremity.
sling
A flexible or rigid appliance used to protect and maintain the position of an injured extremity.
splint
A joint injury involving damage to supporting ligaments, and sometimes partial or temporary dislocation of bone ends.
sprain
Stretching or tearing of a muscle; also called a muscle pull.
strain
A partial or incomplete dislocation
subluxation
A bandage that passes around the chest to secure an injured arm to the chest.
swathe
The shin bone, the larger of the two bones of the lower leg.
tibia
The bleeding control method used when a wound continues to bleed despite the use of direct pressure and elevation; useful if a patient is bleeding severely from a partial or complete amputation.
tourniquet
Longitudinal force applied to a structure.
traction
The area of potentially damaged soft tissue, adjacent nerves, and blood vessels surrounding an injury to a bone or a joint.
zone of injury