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49 Cards in this Set

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Aerobic Metabolism
metabolism that can proceed only in the presence of oxygen
Anaerobic Metabolism
the metabolism that take place in the absence of oxygen the principal product is lactic acid
Auscultate
listening to the internal sounds of the body, usually using a stethoscope
BiPAP
continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) mode used during noninvasive positive pressure ventilation
Bradycardia
a slow heart rate of less than 60 beats/min
BSI/PPE
body substance isolation/ proper protective equipment
Chief Complain
the reason a patient called for help: also the patients response to the questions such as "whats wrong" or "what happened"
Coagulate
to form a clot ot plug an opening in an injured blood vessel and stop bleeding
Conjunctiva
the delicate membrane that lines the eyelids and covers the exposed surface of the eye
Contraindication
conditions that make a particular medication or treatment inappropriate, for example, a condition in which a medication should not be given because it would not help or may actually harm a patient.
Constrict
when high levels of light are introduced the puplis constrict allowing less light to enter
CPAP
a method of ventilaton used primarily in the treatment of critically ill patients whit respiratory distress; can prevent the need for endotracheal intubation
Creptis
the grating or grinding sensation caused by fractured bone ends or joins rubbing together; also air bubbles under the skin that produce a crackling sound or crinkly feeling
Cricoid pressure (sellick maneuver)
placing the thumb and index finger on either side of the cricoid cartilage (at the inferior border of the larynx) and pressing down.
Cyanosis
a bluish gray skin tone color that is caused by reduced level of oxygen in the blood
DCAP-BTLS
a mnemonic for assessment in which each area of the body is evaluated for : Deformities, contusions, abrasions, punctures/ penetrations, burns, tenderness, lacerations and swelling
Diaphoretic
characterized by profuse sweating
Diastolic pressure
the pressure that remains in the arteries during the relaxing phase of the hearts cycle (diastole) when the left ventricle is at rest
Diffusion
a process in which molecules move from an area of higher concentration an area of lower concentration
Dilate
when less light is available the eyes fully relax and dilate allowing more light to enter the eye
Embolism
obstruction in a blood vessel due to a blood clot or other foreign matter that gets stuck while traveling through the bloodstream
Emphysema
a disease of the lungs in which there is aextreme dilation and eventual destruction of the pulmonary alveoli with poor exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide; it is one form of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
End Tidal CO2
the amount of carbon dioxide present in the exhaled breath
ETCO2
end tidal CO2
Expiration
exhalation
General impression
the overall initial impression that determines the priority for pateint care; based on sthe patients surrounding, the mechanism of injury, signs and symptoms, and the chief complaint
History taking
a step within the patient assessment process that provides detail about the patients chief complaint and an account of the patients signs and symptoms
Hypertension
blood pressure that is higher than the normal range
Hyperthermia
a condition in which the internal body core temperature is above 101 degrees
Hypotension
blood pressure that is below the normal range
Hypothermia
a condition in which the internal body temperature falls below 95 degrees after exposure to a cold environment
Hypoxia
a dangerous condition in which the body tissues and cells do not have enough oxygen
Inhalation
the active, muscular part of breathing that draws air into the airway and lungs
Oxygenation
the process of delivering oxygen to the blood by diffusion from the aveoli following inhalation into the lungs
Palpate
to examine by touch
Perfusion
circulation of blood within an organ or tissue
Primary assessment
a step within the patient assessment process that identifies and initiates treatment of immediate and potential life threats
Respiration
the process of exchanging oxygen and carbon dioxide
Secondary assessment
a step within the patient assessment process in which a systematic physical examination of the patient is performed. the examination may be a systematic full body scan or a systematic assessment that focuses on a certain area or region of the body, often determined through the chief complaint
Sign
objective fnding that can be seen, heard, felt, smelled or measured
Subcutaneous Emphysema
the presence of air in soft tissue, causing a characteristic crackling sensation on palpation
Surfactant
a liquid protein substance that coats the alveoli in the lungs, decreases alveolar surface tension, and keeps the alveoli expanded; a low level in a premature infant contributes to respiratory distress syndrome
Symptom
subjective findings that the patient feels but that can be identified only by the patient
Systolic pressure
the increased pressure in an artery with each contraction of the ventricles
Tachycardia
a rapid heart rate more than 100/ BPM
Triage
the process of sorting patients based on the severity of injury and medical need to establish treatment and transportation priorities
Vasoconstrictin
narrowing of the blood vessel
Vasodialation
widening of blood vessels
Ventilation
exchange of air between the lungs and enviroment, spontaneously by the pateint or with assistance from another person, such as an EMT