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50 Cards in this Set

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Which of the following signs of respiratory distress is seen MOST commonly in pediatric patients?
???
Poor peripheral circulation will cause the skin to appear:
ashen
A 50-year-old male is found unconscious in his car. There were no witnesses to the event. When gathering medical history information for this patient, the EMT should:
determine if the patient has a medical alert bracelet or wallet card
Which of the following questions is used to determine a patient's chief complaint?
What seems to be the matter?
Pain that moves from its point of origin to another body location is said to be:
radiating.
A 71-year-old female slipped on a rug and fell. She is conscious and alert and complains of severe pelvic pain. Her respirations are 22 breaths/min with adequate depth and her heart rate is 120 beats/min. Which of the following would NOT be appropriate for this patient?
???????
Which of the following medical history questions would be of LEAST pertinence in an acute situation?
Does your mother have diabetes?
A patient with profuse sweating is referred to as being
diaphoretic
A crackling sound produced by air bubbles under the skin is called
subcutaneous emphysema.
During the primary assessment, circulation is evaluated by assessing:
pulse quality, external bleeding, and skin condition
You respond to a call for a female pedestrian who has been struck by a car. As your partner maintains manual stabilization of her head, you perform a primary assessment. She is unconscious, has ineffective breathing, and has bloody secretions in her mouth. You should:
immediately suction her oropharynx.
The chief complaint is MOST accurately defined as the:
most serious thing the patient is concerned about.
You receive a call to a local daycare center for an unresponsive 8-month-old infant. Upon arrival, you perform an assessment and determine that the infant is not breathing. After delivering two rescue breaths, you should:
assess for the presence of a brachial pulse
An unstable patient should be reassessed at least every:
5 minutes.
Upon arriving at a potentially unsafe scene, you should:
ensure that you are safe
A pulse with a consistent pattern is considered to be:
regular
Which of the following statements regarding the secondary assessment is correct?
The secondary assessment should focus on a certain area or region of the body as determined by the chief complaint.
Which of the following is the MOST effective method of assessing the quality of air movement in the lungs?
auscultating breath sounds with a stethoscope
Which of the following statements regarding the blood pressure is correct?
Blood pressure is usually not measured in children younger than 3 years of age.
A palpable pulse is created by:
pressure waves through the arteries caused by cardiac contraction.
A blood pressure cuff that is too small for a patient's arm will give a:
falsely high systolic and diastolic reading
You should suspect that a patient is experiencing respiratory failure if he or she:
has bradycardia and diminished muscle tone
Cyanosis of the skin is caused by
decreased blood oxygen.
With regard to the assessment of a patient's cardiovascular status, capillary refill time is MOST reliable in:
children who are younger than 6 years of age.
A 40-year-old male crashed his motorcycle into a tree. He is semiconscious, has snoring respirations, and has a laceration to the forearm with minimal bleeding. You should:
open his airway with the jaw-thrust maneuver.
Which of the following patients does NOT have an altered mental status?
a patient with an acute allergic reaction and dizziness
Which of the following scenarios does NOT involve the presence of any symptoms?
a 61-year-old female who is unconscious with facial cyanosis
A 29-year-old male with a head injury opens his eyes when you speak to him, is confused as to the time and date, and is able to move all of his extremities on command. His Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score is:
13
You respond to the scene of a motor vehicle collision. Upon arrival, you find the driver, a young female, sitting on the curb. She is confused, is in obvious respiratory distress, and has pale, moist skin. As your partner manually stabilizes her head, you perform a primary assessment. After performing any immediate livesaving treatment, you should:
perform a rapid scan of her entire body and prepare for immediate transport.
When approaching a 32-year-old male who is complaining of traumatic neck pain, you should:
ensure that the patient can see you approaching him.
In which of the following situations is a pertinent negative identified?
???????????
A 39-year-old male sustained a stab wound to the groin during an altercation at a bar. As you approach the patient, you note that he is conscious, is screaming in pain, and is attempting to control the bleeding, which is bright red and spurting from his groin area. You should:
apply direct pressure to the wound.
Which of the following situations or conditions warrants immediate transport?
severe chest pain and cool, pale skin
A 40-year-old male presents with pain to the right upper quadrant of his abdomen. He is conscious and alert with stable vital signs. During your assessment, you note that his skin and sclera are jaundiced. You should suspect:
liver dysfunction.
If you cannot palpate a pulse in an unresponsive patient, you should:
immediately begin cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
A 50-year-old male presents with an altered mental status. His wife tells you that he had a “small stroke” 3 years ago but has otherwise been in good health. The patient is responsive but unable to follow commands. After administering oxygen, you should:
prepare for immediate transport.
Which of the following questions would you ask a patient to ascertain the “M” in the SAMPLE history?
“How much Tylenol do you take each day?
Which of the following pupillary changes would indicate depressed brain function?
Both pupils dilate with introduction of a bright light.
Which of the following patient responses would establish the “E” in the SAMPLE history?
I was mowing the lawn when the pain began.”
When performing a full-body scan on a trauma patient, you note the presence of Battle's sign. This is defined as:
bruising behind the ear.
Jugular venous distention suggests a problem with blood returning to the heart if the patient is:
sitting up at a 45° angle.
A decrease in the blood pressure may indicate:
a loss of vascular tone
You respond to the residence of a 62-year-old male who is unresponsive. Your primary assessment reveals that he is pulseless and apneic. You should:
start CPR and attach the AED as soon as possible.
Which of the following statements regarding stridor is MOST correct?
It is a high-pitched, crowing upper airway sound
Which of the following statements regarding the mechanism of injury (MOI) is correct?
The MOI may allow you to predict the severity of a patient's injuries
End-tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO2) is defined as the:
maximal concentration of CO2 at the end of an exhaled breath.
You are dispatched to the county jail for an inmate who is “sick.” When you arrive, you find the patient, a 33-year-old male, unresponsive. His airway is patent and his respirations are rapid and shallow. Your initial action should be to:
provide assisted ventilation.
Which of the following would the EMT most likely not perform on a responsive patient with a headache and no apparent life-threatening conditions?
systemic head-to-toe examination
The diastolic pressure represents the
minimum amount of pressure that is always present in the arteries.
You are assessing a 72-year-old man with abdominal pain. The patient is sitting in a chair; he is conscious, alert, and calm. As you are talking to the patient, your partner discreetly directs your attention to a handgun, which is located on a nearby table. You should:
position yourself in between the patient and the gun and ask your partner to request law enforcement assistance.