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20 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
When interacting with a developmentally disabled patient, the best approach is to:
ask your team members to wait until you can establish a rapport with the patient.
The purpose of a ventricular peritoneum shunt is to:
prevent excess cerebrospinal fluid from accumulating in the brain.
You are assessing a 440-lb man who complains of shortness of breath and lower back pain. The patient is conscious and alert, his blood pressure is 148/98 mm Hg, and his heart rate is 120 beats/min. Your MOST immediate action should be to:
avoid placing him in a supine position if possible and administer oxygen.
Spina bifida is MOST accurately defined as:
a birth defect caused by incomplete closure of the spinal column
Patients with autism:
have extreme difficulty with complex tasks that require many steps
Autism is MOST accurately defined as a:
pervasive developmental disorder characterized by impairment of social interaction.
You respond to a residence for a 9-year-old female with Down syndrome who is sick. When you arrive at the scene and assess the patient, you determine that she is unresponsive and has gurgling respirations. You should:
open her airway with a manual maneuver, suction her oropharynx, and insert a simple airway adjunct.
A 70-year-old male complains of shortness of breath. During your assessment, you note that he has bilateral hearing aids. When you ask him questions related to his chief complaint, he does not answer you. You can hear a whistling sound coming from his hearing aids. You should:
try repositioning the hearing aid or remove it and turn down the volume.
When caring for a patient who is visually impaired, it is important to:
tell him or her what is happening, identify noises, and describe the situation and surroundings.
Which of the following statements regarding hearing aids is correct?
Hearing aids cannot restore hearing to normal levels.
Which of the following statements regarding patients with developmental disabilities is correct?
Patients with developmental disabilities are susceptible to the same disease processes as other patients
Which of the following statements regarding autism is correct?
Most cases of autism are diagnosed by 3 years of age.
You receive a call to a residence for an apneic 2-month-old male. When you arrive at the scene, the infant's mother tells you that her son was born prematurely and that his apnea monitor has alarmed 4 times in the past 30 minutes. Your assessment of the infant reveals that he is conscious and active. His skin is pink and dry, and he is breathing at an adequate rate and with adequate tidal depth. His oxygen saturation reads 98% on room air. You should:
transport the infant to the hospital and bring the apnea monitor with you.
Which of the following statements regarding gastrostomy (gastric) tubes is correct?
Patients with a gastrostomy tube may still be at risk for aspiration
When enlisting the help of an interpreter who signs, it is important for you to ask the interpreter to:
report exactly what the patient signs and not to add any commentary.
Which of the following would be the MOST practical method of communicating with a hearing-impaired patient until his or her hearing aids can be located?
using a piece of paper and writing utensil to ask questions
Which of the following statements regarding cerebral palsy is correct?
Conditions such as brain injury at birth, postpartum infections, and fetal hypoxia can cause cerebral palsy.
Because a tracheostomy tube bypasses the nose and mouth:
secretions can build up in and around the tube.
A 13-year-old child is on a home ventilator. The parents called because the ventilator is malfunctioning and the child has increasing respiratory distress. You should:
disconnect the ventilator and use a bag-mask device.
Which of the following statements regarding interaction with the caregiver of a child or adult with special health care needs is correct?
Communication with the patient's caregiver or family members is important because they are the most familiar with the patient's condition.