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33 Cards in this Set

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A common cause of shock in an infant is:
dehydration from vomiting and diarrhea.
To ensure that the airway of an infant or small child is correctly positioned, you may have to:
place a towel or folded sheet behind the shoulders.
An infant or child with respiratory distress will attempt to keep his or her alveoli expanded at the end of inhalation by:
Answer
grunting.
When administering oxygen to a frightened child, it would be MOST appropriate to:
place oxygen tubing through a hole in a paper cup.
Blood pressure is usually not assessed in children younger than _____ years.
3
A viral infection that may cause obstruction of the upper airway in a child is called:
croup.
Which of the following is NOT a known risk factor of SIDS?
putting a baby to sleep on his or her back
Which of the following represents a low normal systolic blood pressure for a 6-year-old child?
82 mm Hg
Compared to an adult, the diaphragm dictates the amount of air that a child inspires because the:
intercostal muscles are not well developed.
After using the PAT to form your general impression of a sick or injured child, you should:
perform a hands-on assessment of the ABCs
In contrast to adults, deterioration to cardiac arrest in infants and children is usually associated with:
severe hypoxia and bradycardia.
The normal respiratory rate for a newborn should not exceed ______ breaths/min.
60
The MOST accurate method for determining if you are delivering adequate tidal volume to a child during bag-mask ventilations is to:
observe the chest for adequate rise
When immobilizing an injured child in a pediatric immobilization device, you should:
secure the torso before the head.
Early signs of respiratory distress in the pediatric patient include all of the following, EXCEPT:
cyanosis.
When a child experiences a blunt chest injury:
the flexible ribs can be compressed without breaking.
Signs of vasoconstriction in the infant or child include:
weak distal pulses.
Padding underneath the torso when immobilizing an injured child is generally not necessary if he or she is:
older than 8 to 10 years.
A 2-year-old female has experienced a seizure. When you arrive at the scene, the child is conscious, crying, and clinging to her mother. Her skin is hot and moist. The mother tells you that the seizure lasted approximately 5 minutes. She further tells you that her daughter has no history of seizures, but has had a recent ear infection. You should:
attempt cooling measures, offer oxygen, and transport.
If a nasopharyngeal airway is too long, it may:
stimulate the vagus nerve.
Capillary refill time is MOST reliable as an indicator of end-organ perfusion in children younger than:
6 years.
Which of the following groups of people is associated with the lowest risk of meningitis?
females
Drawing in of the muscles between the ribs or of the sternum during inspiration is called:
retracting.
Febrile seizures in a child:
????????
You respond to a skate park where a 10-year-old male fell from his skateboard and struck his head on the ground; he was not wearing a helmet. He is responsive to painful stimuli only and has a large hematoma to the back of his head. After your partner stabilizes his head and opens his airway, you assess his breathing and determine that it is slow and irregular. His pulse is slow and bounding. You should:
assist his ventilations, be prepared to suction his mouth if he vomits, apply full spinal precautions, and prepare for immediate transport to a trauma center
Children with N meningitides would MOST likely present with:
cherry-red spots or a purplish rash.
The MOST ominous sign of impending cardiopulmonary arrest in infants and children is:
bradycardia.
When assessing or treating an adolescent patient, it is important to remember that:
they usually do not wish to be observed during a procedure.
When ventilating a pediatric patient with a bag-mask device, the EMT should:
block the pop-off valve if needed to achieve adequate chest rise.
Signs of a severe airway obstruction in an infant or child include
an ineffective cough.
A 6-year-old male presents with acute respiratory distress. His mother states that she saw him put a small toy into his mouth shortly before the episode began. The child is conscious, obviously frightened, and is coughing forcefully. You should:
encourage him to cough, give oxygen as tolerated, and transport.
The secondary assessment of a sick or injured child:
may not be possible if the child's condition is critical.
Before assessing the respiratory adequacy of an unconscious infant or child, you must:
ensure that the airway is patent and clear of obstructions.