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25 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Facial injuries should be identified and treated as soon as possible because:
of the risk for airway problems.
The term “hyphema” is defined as:
blood in the anterior chamber of the eye.
The white portion of the eye is called the:
sclera
The eyeball itself is referred to as the
globe
A 44-year-old male sustained a laceration to his left ear during a minor car accident. Your assessment reveals minimal bleeding. Appropriate care for this injury includes:
padding between the ear and the scalp.
Following direct trauma to the upper part of the anterior neck, a young male presents with labored breathing, loss of voice, and subcutaneous emphysema in the soft tissues around his neck. You should suspect a(n):
laryngeal fracture
When transporting a patient with a facial injury, it is MOST important to be as descriptive as possible with the hospital regarding the patient's injuries because
a specialist may need to be called.
The cricoid cartilage:
is the only complete circular cartilage of the trachea
The conjunctiva are kept moist by fluid produced by the
lacrimal gland.
A 29-year-old male has an anterior nosebleed after he was accidentally elbowed in the nose. His is conscious and alert with adequate breathing. The MOST appropriate care for this patient includes:
leaning him forward and pinching his nostrils together.
Which of the following findings would be LEAST suggestive of a head injury?
briskly constricting pupils when exposed to light
A 50-year-old male was splashed in the eyes with radiator fluid when he was working on his car. During your assessment, he tells you that he wears soft contact lenses. You should:
carefully remove the contact lenses and then irrigate his eyes with saline.
The lower jawbone is called the:
mandible
The upper jawbones are called the:
maxillae.
A 4-year-old female has a peanut lodged in the external auditory canal of her right ear. You should:
transport her to the emergency department.
The optic nerve endings are located within the:
retina.
The Adam's apple is
the upper part of the larynx that is formed by the thyroid cartilage.
You are assessing a 59-year-old male and note that his pupils are unequal. He is conscious and alert. When obtaining his medical history, it is MOST pertinent to ask him if he
has a history of eye surgeries.
Abnormal variations in pupil size and reaction would MOST likely be observed in a patient with
a brain injury
You are transporting an immobilized patient with severe facial trauma. As you are preparing to give your radio report to the hospital, the patient begins vomiting large amounts of blood. You should
turn the backboard onto its side.
You are dispatched to a convenience store, where the clerk sustained a laceration to the side of his neck during a robbery attempt. During your assessment, you note bright red blood spurting from the laceration. You should:
apply direct pressure above and below the wound.
A 52-year-old unrestrained female struck the steering wheel with her face when her truck collided with another vehicle. She has obvious swelling to her face and several dislodged teeth. A visual exam of her mouth reveals minimal bleeding. She is conscious and alert with a blood pressure of 130/80 mm Hg, a pulse of 110 beats/min, and respirations of 22 breaths/min with adequate tidal volume. You should
apply supplemental oxygen, immobilize her spine, attempt to locate the dislodged teeth, suction as needed, and transport
Which of the following statements regarding anterior nosebleeds is correct?
They usually originate from the septum area and bleed slowly
A 22-year-old male was walking on the beach and had sand blown into his eyes. He complains of pain and decreased vision to his right eye. Treatment should include
irrigating his right eye laterally.
A factory worker was splashed in the eyes with a strong acid chemical. He complains of intense pain and blurred vision. Your ambulance does not carry bottles of sterile saline or water. You should:
irrigate both eyes continuously for 20 minutes with plain water