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25 Cards in this Set

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When assessing an elderly patient who fell, it is important to remember that:
osteoporosis can cause a fracture that may have resulted in the fall.
When a driver is in a car equipped with an air bag, but is not wearing a seatbelt, he or she will MOST likely strike the __________ when the air bag deploys upon impact.
?????
Air bags are designed to:
decrease the severity of deceleration injuries.
A 15-year-old female was struck by a small car while riding her bicycle. She was wearing a helmet and was thrown to the ground, striking her head. In addition to managing problems associated with airway, breathing, and circulation, it is MOST important for you to:
stabilize her entire spine.
Which of the following findings would be LEAST suggestive of the presence of high-energy trauma?
deployment of the air bag
With regard to the three collisions that occur during a motor vehicle crash, which of the following statements regarding the first collision is correct?
It is the most dramatic part of the collision and may make extrication difficult.
The index of suspicion is MOST accurately defined as:
?????????
Which of the following would MOST likely occur as the direct result of the second collision in a motor vehicle crash?
deformed steering wheel
Two of the MOST common mechanisms of injury for blunt trauma are:
falls and motor vehicle collisions
The cervical spine is MOST protected from whiplash-type injuries when the
headrest is appropriately positioned.
By what mechanism is a person injured when he or she falls from a significant height?
Potential energy is converted to kinetic energy; the kinetic energy is then converted into the work of bringing the body to a stop.
Your patient has a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score of 13, a systolic blood pressure of 80 mm Hg, and a respiratory rate of 8 breaths/min, his Revised Trauma Score (RTS) is:
9.
Which of the following patients has experienced the MOST significant fall?
a 4′6″ patient who fell 13′
When a motor vehicle strikes a tree while traveling at 40 mph, the unrestrained occupant:
remains in motion until acted upon by an external force.
A driver involved in a rollover motor vehicle crash will MOST likely experience serious injuries or death if he or she:
is ejected or partially ejected.
The energy of a moving object is called:
kinetic energy
Approximately 25% of severe injuries to the aorta occur during:
lateral collisions.
A young male sustained a gunshot wound to the abdomen during an altercation with a rival gang member. As your partner is assessing and managing his airway, you should control the obvious bleeding and then
assess for an exit wound
When the speed of a motor vehicle doubles, the amount of kinetic energy
quadruples.
Which of the following statements regarding gunshot wounds is correct?
The speed of a bullet has the greatest impact on producing injury
While en route to a major motor vehicle crash, an on-scene police officer advises you that a 6-year-old male who was riding in the front seat is involved. He further states that the child was only wearing a lap belt and that the air bag deployed. On the basis of this information, you should be MOST suspicious that the child has experienced:
????????
In contrast to a Level III trauma center, a Level I trauma center must:
have general surgeons that are in-house 24 hours a day.
A 30-year-old male sustained a stab wound to the neck when he was attacked outside a nightclub. During your assessment, you should be MOST alert for:
potential airway compromise.
If one or more occupants in the same vehicle are killed in a crash, the EMT should:
suspect that all living occupants experienced the same serious trauma.
Evaluation of the interior of a crashed motor vehicle during extrication will allow the EMT to:
identify contact points and predict potential injuries.