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20 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Which of the following conditions often requires transport to a hospital with specialized capabilities that may not be available at the closest hospital?
stroke and heart attack
When performing a secondary assessment on a conscious patient with nontraumatic abdominal pain and stable vital signs, you should:
focus on his or her chief complaint.
When caring for a patient with an altered mental status and signs of circulatory compromise, you should:
????????
n contrast to viral hepatitis, toxin-induced hepatitis
is not a communicable disease.
You and your EMT partner arrive at the residence of a 50-year-old man who complains of weakness. Your primary assessment reveals that he is critically ill and will require aggressive treatment. The closest hospital is 25 miles away. You should:
manage all threats to airway, breathing, and circulation and consider requesting an ALS unit.
You have just completed your primary assessment of a 48-year-old man with crushing chest pain. The patient has been given 324 mg of aspirin and is receiving high-flow oxygen via nonrebreathing mask. As you begin your secondary assessment, you note that his mental status has deteriorated and he is now bradycardic. You should:
?????
In addition to looking for severe bleeding, assessment of circulation in the conscious patient should involve:
checking the radial pulse and noting the color, temperature, and condition of his or her skin.
Ten days after treating a 34-year-old patient with tuberculosis, you are given a tuberculin skin test, which yields a positive result. This MOST likely indicates that:
you were exposed to another infected person prior to treating the 34-year-old patient.
When assessing a patient with a medical complaint, which of the following would MOST likely reveal the cause of his or her problem?
history taking
Patients with tuberculosis pose the greatest risk for transmitting the disease when they:
cough.
Your primary assessment of an elderly woman reveals that she is conscious and alert, but is experiencing difficulty breathing. She has a history of emphysema, hypertension, and congestive heart failure. As you assess the patient's circulatory status, you should direct your partner to:
administer oxygen with the appropriate device.
Syphilis is a:
bloodborne disease that can successfully be treated with penicillin.
A 33-year-old female presents with lower abdominal quadrant pain. She is conscious and alert, but in moderate pain. While your partner is asking her questions about her medical history, you take her vital signs. When you assess her radial pulse, you are unable to locate it. You should:
assess the rate, regularity, and quality of her carotid pulse.
The secondary assessment of a medical patient:
is not practical if the patient is critically ill or your transport time is short.
After sizing up the scene of a patient with a possible infectious disease, your next priority should be to:
take standard precautions.
Which of the following statements regarding the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is correct?
The risk of HIV infection is greatest when deposited on a mucous membrane or directly into the bloodstream.
Which of the following statements regarding hepatitis A is correct?
Hepatitis A can only be transmitted by a patient who has an acute infection.
The determination of whether a medical patient is a high-priority or low-priority transport is typically made:
after the primary assessment has been completed.
An infectious disease is MOST accurately defined as:
a medical condition caused by the growth and spread of small harmful organisms within the body.
Hepatitis B is more virulent than hepatitis C, which means that it:
has a greater ability to produce disease.