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26 Cards in this Set

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Nitroglycerin
ACTIVITY:
Prepare to administer Nitroglycerin.

What is the required critical performance??
Perform focused assessment for cardiac patient. Take blood pressure-must be above 100mmHg systolic. Obtain order from medical direction either on-line or off-line.
Nitroglycerin
ACTIVITY:
Assure right medication.

What is the required critical performance??
EMT must assure right medication, patient, route and that patient is alert. Read medication at least two times prior to administering.
Nitroglycerin
ACTIVITY:
Check expiration date of Nitroglycerin.

What is the required critical performance??
Check expiration date.
Nitroglycerin
ACTIVITY:
Question patient.

What is the required critical performance??
Question patient about last dose administration, total doses administered and effects of administration.
Nitroglycerin
ACTIVITY:
Administer Nitroglycerin.

What is the required critical performance??
Ask patient to lift tongue.
Place tablet or spray dose under
tongue.
May have patient place tablet or spray
under tongue.
Have patient keep mouth closed until
dissolved.
Tell patient not to swallow.
Nitroglycerin
ACTIVITY:
Reassess.

What is the required critical performance??
Reassess blood pressure within two minutes.
Record activity time.
Perform reassessment.
Nitroglycerin
ACTIVITY:
Dosage.

What is the required critical performance??
One spray or tablet repeated every five minutes if no relief of pain, systolic blood pressure remains above 100 systolic, and if authorized by medical direction. Maximum of three doses total.
Nitroglycerin

What are the 5 indications for administering Nitro.
1. The patient complains of chest pain.
2. The patient has a history of cardiac problems.
3. The patient's physician has prescribed nitroglycerin(NTG).
4. The systolic blood pressure is greater than 100 systolic.
5. Medical direction authorizes administration of the medication.
Nitroglycerin

What are the 4 contraindications of administering Nitro.
1. The patient has hypotension, or a systolic blood pressure below 100.
2. The patient has a head injury.
3. The patient is an infant or child.
4. The patient has already taken the maximum prescribed dose.
Pre-Loaded Epinephrine
ACTIVITY:
Body Substance Isolation

What is the required critical performance??
Eye protection as required.
Gloves as required.
Gown as required.
Mask as required.
Pre-Loaded Epinephrine
ACTIVITY:
Prepare to administer pre-loaded epinephrine.

What is the required critical performance??
Obtain order from medical direction either on-line or off-line.
Pre-Loaded Epinephrine
ACTIVITY:
Obtain patient's prescribed auto-injector.

What is the required critical performance??
Ensure:
Prescription is written for the patient experiencing allergic reactions.
Expiration date has not passed.
Medication is not discolored(if able to see).
Pre-Loaded Epinephrine
ACTIVITY:
Administer epinephrine auto-injector.

What is the required critical performance??
Remove safety cap from the auto-injector.
Place tip of auto-injector against the patient's thigh.
Lateral portion of the thigh midway
between the waist and the knee.
Push injector firmly against the thigh until the injector activates.
Hold injector in place at least ten seconds or until the medication is injected.
Pre-Loaded Epinephrine
ACTIVITY:
Record.

What is the required critical performance??
Record activity and time.
Dispose of injector in biohazard container.
What 2 criteria must the patient meet prior to administration??
1. Medication is prescribed for this patient by a physician.
2. Medical direction authorized use for this patient.
Prescribed Inhaler
ACTIVITY:
Prepare to administer inhaler.

What is the required critical performance??
Obtain order from medical direction either on-line or off-line.
Prescribed Inhaler
ACTIVITY:
Obtain patient's prescribed inhaler.

What is the required critical performance??
Ensure:
Prescription is written for the patient.
Expiration date has not passed.
Medication is not discolored or cloudy(if able to see).
Ask patient about previous doses.
Prescribed Inhaler
ACTIVITY:
Administer inhaler.

What is the required critical performance??
Check connection of inhaler to container.
Ensure the inhaler is at room temperature or warmer.
Shake the inhaler vigorously several times.
Have patient place lips around opening of inhaler.
Have patient depress the hand held inhaler simultaneously inhaling deeply.
Instruct patient to hold breath for as long as possible.
Prescribed Inhaler
ACTIVITY:
Assess and record.

What is the required critical performance??
Record activity and time.
Assess patient's response and respiratory status.
Prescribed Inhaler

Dose???
Based on medical direction's order or physician's order.
Prescribed Inhaler

What are the 3 indications to administer the prescribed inhaler???
1. Patient exhibits signs and symptoms of respiratory emergency.
2. Patient has physician-prescribed hand-held inhaler.
3. Medical direction gives specific authorization to use.
Prescribed Inhaler

What are the 4 contraindications to administering the prescribed inhaler??
1. Patient is unable to use device(e.g., not alert).
2. Inhaler is not prescribed for patient.
3. No permission has been given by medical direction.
4. Patient has already taken maximum prescribed dose prior to EMT-B's arrival.
Oral Glucose
ACTIVITY:
Prepare to administer oral glucose.

What is the required critical performance??
Obtain order from medical control either on-line or off-line.
Oral Glucose
ACTIVITY:
Question patient or bystanders.

What is the required critical performance??
Assure signs and symptoms of altered mental status with a known history of diabetes.
Oral Glucose
ACTIVITY:
Administer oral glucose.

What is the required critical performance??
Assure patient is conscious and can swallow and protect their airway.
Place glucose on tongue depressor between cheek and gum
or
Squirt glucose tube between patient's cheek and gum.
Oral Glucose
ACTIVITY:
Assess and record.

What is the required critical performance??
Record activity and time.
Assess the patient's level of consciousness, respiratory status, and response.