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19 Cards in this Set

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Six types of open soft tissue injuries.
1. Abrasion
2. Laceration
3. Penetration/Puncture
4. Avulsion
5. Amputation
6. Crush Injury
Four primary forms of emergency bleeding control.
1. Pressure-Direct and/or Diffuse
2. Elevation
3. Pressure point
4. Tourniquet
Approximate amount of sudden blood loss in an adult, child and infant that is considered serious.
ADULT: 1,000 ml (1 liter)
CHILD: 500 ml (1/2 liter)
INFANT: 100-200 ml
Action which should be taken when a sucking chest wound is discovered.
IMMEDIATELY seal the wound with an airtight dressing.
Indication for use of the pneumatic anti-shock garment(PASG)
Use the PASG if signs of shock are present and the patient's lower abdomen is tender and a pelvic injury is suspected.
Best indicator of a brain injury.
Altered or decreasing mental status. May include confusion, disorientation, repetitive questioning by the patient, and unresponsiveness.
Important consideration when examining the nose and ears of a patient with a head injury.
Look for blood or cerebrospinal fluid draining from the nose or ears.
Type of injury which must be suspected if a diving accident is involved or unknown.
Spinal Injury. The patient's neck and back should be properly immobilized before removing the patient from the water.
Proper sequence for immobilizing a patient to a long spine board.
1. Pad voids between the patient and the board.
2. Immobilize the patient's torso to the board.
3. Immobilize the patient's head to the board.
4. Secure the patient's legs to the board.
Involves epidermis and dermis. Produces blisters and severe pain.
CLASSIFICATION OF BURN???
Partial Thickness.
% OF ADULT BODY
SURFACE INVOLVED SEVERITY

Less Than 15% Minor
15-30% Moderate
More Than 30% Critical
Involves all the dermal layers and may extend to subcutaneous layers, muscle, bone or organs. Pain usually absent due to nerve destruction. Skin may be white and leathery, or black and charred.
CLASSIFICATION OF BURN???
Full Thickness

% OF ADULT BODY
SURFACE INVOLVED SEVERITY
Less Than 2% Minor
2-10% Moderate
More Than 10% Critical

NOTE: Any full thickness burn involving the face, hands, feet, groin, or a major joint is critical.
Involves outer layer of skin(Epidermis). Characterized by redness, tenderness, mild to moderate pain.
CLASSIFICATION OF BURN???
Superficial

% OF ADULT BODY
SURFACE INVOLVED SEVERITY
Greater Than 50% Moderate

NOTE: Any burn involving the respiratory tract is critical.
Percentage of total skin surface.
RULE OF NINES
CHILD
Head and Neck............14%
Each Upper Extremity......9%
Anterior Trunk...........18%
Posterior Trunk..........18%
Each Lower Extremity.....16%
Percentage of total skin surface
RULE OF NINES
ADULT
Head and Neck................9%
Each Upper Extremity.........9%
Anterior Trunk..............18%
Posterior Trunk.............18%
Each Lower Extremity........18%
Genitalia....................1%
Percentage of total skin surface
RULE OF NINES
INFANT
Head and Neck..............18%
Each Upper Extremity........9%
Anterior Trunk.............18%
Posterior Trunk............18%
Each Lower Extremity.......14%
Important assessment consideration when a bone or joint injury is encountered.
Assess pulse, motor function, and sensation distal to the injury before and after splinting.
(P)ulse, (M)otor function,(S)ensation distal to injury
General considerations concerning distance to splint above and below a skeletal injury.
BONE INJURIES: Immobilize the joint above and the joint below the injury.
JOINT INJURIES: Immobilize the bone and joint above and below the injury.
Type of injury which may necessitate use of a traction splint.
Painful, swollen, deformed mid-thigh with no joint or lower leg injury.
Six contraindications for using a traction splint.
1. Presence of a Knee injury.
2. Presence of a Hip injury.
3. Presence of a Lower leg or ankle injury.
4. Presence of a Pelvis injury.
5. Presence of an injury that is close to the knee.
6. Leg to be splinted had a partial amputation or avulsion with bone separation present.