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41 Cards in this Set

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Number of vertebrae in the spinal column:
33
Name the 5 divisions of the spine, their location, and how many vertebrae in each.
Cervical/neck/7 - Thorassic/upper back/12 - Lumbar/lower back/5 - Sacral/pelvis/5 - Coccyx/tailbone/4
Breastbone
Sternum
Collar Bone
Clavicle
Shoulder Blade
Scapula
The lower, movable part of the jaw is the:
Mandible
The upper, unmovable bone in the jaw:
Maxilla
The upper bone of the pelvis:
Ilium
The lower bone of the pelvis:
Ischium
Upper thigh bone:
Femur
Lower front leg bone:
Tibia
Lower rear leg bone:
Fibula
Upper arm bone:
Humerus
Lower arm bone leading to the thumb:
Radius
Lower arm bone leading to the pinky:
Ulna
Knee bone:
Patella
Bones that protect the inner organs:
Ribs
Bones of the wrist:
Carpals
Bones of the back of the hand:
Metacarpals
Bones of the fingers:
Phalanges
Bones of the ankle:
Tarsals
Bones of the top of the foot:
Metatarsals
Bones of the toes:
Phalanges
This connects bone to bone:
Ligament
This connects muscle to bone:
Tendon
The top, back and sides of the skull:
Cranium
Bony structures around the eyes:
Orbits
Bones that form the structure of the cheeks:
Zygomatic Arches
The voice box
Larynx
Ring-shaped structure that forms the lower portion of the larynx
Cricoid Cartilage
Muscular structure that divides the chest cavity from the abdominal cavity.
Diaphragm
The windpipe
Trachea
Leaf-shaped structure that prevents food and foreign matter from entering the trachea
Epiglottis
Microscopic sacs of the lungs where gas exchange with the bloodstream takes place
Alveoli
The two large branches that come off the trachea and enter the lungs
Bronchi
An active process in which the intercostal muscles and the diaphragm contract, expanding the size of the chest cavity, and causing air to flow into the lungs
Inhalation
A passive process in which the intercostal muscles and the diaphragm relax, causing the chest cavity to decrease in size and air to flow out of the lungs
Exhalation
Is Inhalation passive or active?
Active
Is Exhalation active or passive?
Passive
The area directly posterior to the nose
Nasopharynx
The area directly posterior to the mouth
Oropharynx