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50 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
In contrast to simple access, complex access:
involves forcible entry into a vehicle
Which of the following agents blocks the body's ability to use oxygen and possesses an odor similar to almonds?
hydrogen cyanide
The six-pointed Star of Life® emblem identifies vehicles that:
meet federal specifications as licensed or certified ambulances.
Upon arriving at the scene of a law enforcement tactical situation, you should ensure your own safety and then:
report to the incident commander for instructions
The JumpSTART triage system is intended to be used for children younger than _____ years or who appear to weigh less than _____.
8, 100 lb
During the transport phase of an ambulance call, it is MOST important to:
converse with the patient and provide reassurance
You are triaging four patients who were involved in a head-on motor vehicle crash. Which of the following patients should be assigned the highest (red) triage category?
a 49-year-old female with diabetes and difficulty breathing
When functioning at the scene of a motor vehicle crash in which a patient will require complex extrication, you should enter the vehicle and provide care to the patient:
after receiving approval from the extrication officer.
According to the START triage system, what should you do if you encounter an unresponsive patient who is not breathing?
Open the airway and reassess breathing status
Phases of an ambulance call include all of the following activities, EXCEPT
emergency care provided at the scene.
Signs and symptoms of exposure to a nerve agent include:
salivation, pinpoint pupils, and diarrhea.
A critical function of the safety officer is to:
stop an emergency operation whenever a rescuer is in danger.
Early signs and symptoms of smallpox include all of the following, EXCEPT
skin blisters.
The function of the National Incident Management System (NIMS) is to:
prepare for, prevent, respond to, and recover from domestic incidents.
The best way to evaluate hazards present at the scene and determine the number of patients is:
perform a 360° walk-around of the scene.
A portable oxygen cylinder should have a capacity of a minimum of ____ of oxygen.
500 L
When approaching a helicopter, whether the rotor blades are moving or not, you should:
never duck under the body or the tail boom because the pilot cannot see you in these areas.
At a very large incident, the __________ section is responsible for managing the tactical operations usually handled by the IC on routine EMS calls.
operations
When victims involved in a mass-casualty incident are moved to the treatment area:
secondary triage is performed and the appropriate treatment is rendered.
A 19-year-old female has just been extricated from her severely damaged car. She is on a long backboard and has been moved to a place of safety. As your partner maintains manual stabilization of her head, you perform a rapid assessment. The patient is unconscious, has slow and shallow respirations, and has bilaterally closed femur deformities. You should:
direct your partner to begin ventilatory assistance
Upon arriving at the scene of a possible hazardous materials (HazMat) incident involving several patients, you should:
carefully assess the situation.
Upon returning to your station following a run, you should disinfect the ambulance as needed. Disinfection is MOST accurately defined as:
killing pathogenic agents with a chemical made for that purpose.
Cross-contamination occurs when:
an EMT is exposed to a victim who has not yet been decontaminated.
The process of removing dirt, dust, blood, or other visible contaminants from a surface or equipment is called:
cleaning
The LEAST harmful form of ionizing radiation is:
alpha
The FIRST step in the START triage system is to
move all walking patients to a designated area.
Which of the following patients should be assigned an immediate (red tag) category?
22-year-old male with blunt abdominal trauma, tachycardia, pallor, and diaphoresis
Common duties and responsibilities of EMS personnel at the scene of a motor vehicle crash include all of the following, EXCEPT:
keeping bystanders at a safe distance
A type _____ ambulance features a conventional, truck cab-chassis with a modular ambulance body that can be transferred to a newer chassis as needed.
I
Historically, the weak point at most major incidents has been:
communication
The ____________ supervisor is responsible for notifying area hospitals and determining their availability and capabilities.
transportation
You are dispatched to the scene of a building explosion. Upon arrival, you see people frantically fleeing the building, screaming, “Everyone is passing out!” You should:
carefully assess the situation and ensure your own safety.
According to the Department of Homeland Security Security Advisory System, the color orange indicates a _______ risk of terrorist attacks.
high
Extrication is MOST accurately defined as:
removal from a dangerous situation or position.
When working at the scene of a motor vehicle crash at night, you should NOT use:
road flares.
Which of the following situations would require the use of a specialized rescue team?
a patient trapped in a cave or a confined space
While en route to a call for a patient in cardiac arrest, you approach a stopped school bus with its red warning lights flashing. You should:
stop and wait until the warning lights stop flashing.
It is 10:30 PM and you have requested air medical transport for a critically injured patient. When you arrive at the designated landing zone, you should first:
survey the area for power lines or other hazards
The scene size-up at a motor vehicle crash or other incident:
is an ongoing process until the incident is terminated.
When a helicopter must land on a grade (uneven ground), you should:
approach the aircraft from the downhill side.
The purpose of the incident command system (ICS) is to:
ensure responder and public safety, achieve incident management goals, and ensure the effective use of resources.
A severe risk of terrorist attacks is indicated by the color _____ by the Department of Homeland Security Security Advisory System.
red
While using lights and siren, most state laws permit an ambulance to:
carefully exceed the posted speed limit.
You have just delivered a major trauma patient to the hospital. Shortly after departing the hospital, dispatch advises you of another call. The back of the ambulance is contaminated with bloody dressings and is in disarray, and you are in need of airway equipment and numerous other supplies. You should:
advise the dispatcher that you are out of service and to send another unit.
A 33-year-old restrained driver of a motor vehicle crash is awake and alert, complaining only of neck pain. The vehicle is stable and no hazards are present. When removing this patient from his vehicle, you should:
immobilize him with a KED Device
A weapon of mass destruction (WMD) is MOST accurately defined as:
any agent used to bring about mass death, casualties, or massive infrastructural damage.
Immediately upon arriving at the scene of an emergency call involving a traumatic injury, you should notify the dispatcher of your arrival and then:
observe the scene for safety hazards.
The EMT's initial role at the scene of a search and rescue attempt is to:
stand by at the command post until the person is located.
Which of the following is a typical function of the rescue team?
providing safe entry and access to patients
As you and your team are removing an unconscious patient with shallow respirations from her wrecked car, you note that she has closed deformities to both of her legs and a deformity to her left humerus. You should:
support the injured extremities and continue removal.