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87 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
cyst/o, vesic/o
bladder, sac
glomerul/o
glomerulus
meat/o
meatus (opening)
nephr/o, ren/o
kidney
pyel/o
renal pelvis
ureter/o
ureter
urethr/o
urethra
albumin/o
albumin
azot/o
urea, nitrogen
blast/o
developing cell, germ cell
glyc/o, glycos/o
sugar
hydr/o
water
lith/o
stone, calculus
noct/i
night
olig/o
scanty, few
son/o
sound
tom/o
cut, section
urin/o, ur/o
urine, urinary tract
ven/o
vein
-iasis, -esis
condition
-lysis
loosening, dissolution, separating
-megaly
enlargement
-ptosis
drooping, sagging, prolapse
-rrhaphy
suturing, repairing
-tripsy
surgical crushing
-trophy
nourishment, development
-uria
urine, urination
cystitis
inflammation of the bladder
cystocele
protrusion of the bladder
cystolith
stone in the bladder
glomerulonephritis
inflammation of the glomeruli of the kidney
hydronephrosis
abnormal condition of water in the kidney
nephritis
inflammation of a kidney
nephroblastoma
kidney tumor containing developing cell (also known as Wilms' tumor)
nephrohypertrophy
excessive development (increase in size) of the kidney
nephrolithiasis
condition of stone(s) in the kidney
nephroma
tumor of the kidney
nephromegaly
enlargment of a kidney
nephroptosis
drooping kidney
pyelitis
inflammation of the renal pelvis
pyelonephritis
inflammation of the renal pelvis and the kidney
uremia
condition of urine (urea) in the blood
ureteritis
inflammation of a ureter
ureterocele
protrusion of a ureter
ureterolithiasis
condition of stones in the ureter
ureterostenosis
narrowing of the ureter
urethrocystitis
inflammation of the urethra and the bladder
cystectomy
excision of the bladder
cystolithotomy
incision of the bladder to remove a stone
cystoplasty
surgical repair of the bladder
cystorrhaphy
suturing the bladder
cystostomy
creating an artificial opening into the bladder
cystotomy; vesicotomy
incision of the bladder
lithotripsy
surgical crushing of a stone
meatotomy
incision of the meatus
nephrectomy
excision of a kidney
nephrolysis
separating the kidney (from other structures)
nephropexy
surgical fixation of the kidney
nephrostomy
creation of an artificial opening in the kidney
pyelolithotomy
incision of the renal pelvis to remove a stone
pyeloplasty
surgical repair of the renal pelvis
pyelostomy
creation of an artificial opening into the renal pelvis
ureterectomy
excision of a ureter
ureterostomy
creation of an artifical opening into the ureter
ureterotomy
incision of a ureter
urethropexy
surgical fixation of the urethra
urethroplasty
surgical repair of the urethra
urethrostomy
creation of an artifical opening into the urethra
urethrotomy
incision in the urethra
vesicourethral suspension
suspension pertaining to the bladder and urethra
albuminuria
albumin in the urine
anuria
absence of urine
azotemia
(excessive) urea and nitrogenous substances in the blood
diuresis
condition of urine passing through (increased excretion of urine)
dysuria
difficult or painful urination
glycosuria
sugar (glucose) in the urine
hematuria
blood in the urine
meatal
pertaining to the meatus
nephrologist
a physician who studies and treats diseases of the kidney
nephrology
study of the kidney
nocturia
night urination
oliguria
scanty urination
polyuria
much (excessive) urine
pyuria
pus in the urine
urinary
pertaining of urine
urologist
a physician who studies and treats (diseases of) the urinary tract
urology
study of the urinary tract