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13 Cards in this Set

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When is the developing baby most susceptible to teratogens?
Weeks 3-8
What is happening during weeks 3-8?
organogenesis
2 teratogens that start with A
-Alcohol
-ACE inhibitors
Why is alcohol teratogenic?
It is the leading cause of mental retardation and birth defects
What do ACE inhibitors do to fetal development?
Cause renal damage
What does cocaine do to fetal development?
Cause abnormal fetal development and fetal addiction
What is DES - diethylstilbestrol - associated with as a teratogen?
Vaginal clear cell adenocarcinoma
Who gets clear cell adenocarcinoma?
The daughters of women who took DES during the period of 1945-1970, to prevent miscarriage
Why is Iodide teratogenic?
It puts the baby at risk for Congenital goiter or hypothyroidism
What agent confers extremely high risk for birth defects?
13-cis-retinoic acid
What causes "flipper" limbs and limb defects?
Thalidomide
3 defects associated with Tobacco as a teratogen:
-Preterm labor
-Placental problems
-ADHD
3 other drugs that cause multiple anomalies:
-Warfarin
-Anticonvulsants
-Xrays