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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The major artery supplying foregut derivatives is the?
Celiac Artery
The trachea, bronchi, and lungs derive from the what?
Foregut
A structure created by embryonic rotation of the stomach is the what?
Greater omentum
The duodenum develops at the junction of foregut and midgut, a division mared by the waht?
Origen of the common bile duct from the duodenum
The liver primordium gives rise to the what?
Liver sinusoids
Mesoderm of the septum transversum, together with branches of liver primordium, gives rise to the what?
Kupffer cells of the liver
The ventral pancreatic bud becomes superior through duodenal rotation and gives rise to the what?
Uncinate process
The spleen develops from what?
Splanchnic mesoderm
A newborn presents with vomiting of material containing bile. Abdominal x-ray shows a "double bubble," meaning that air fills the stomach and a dilated bowel loop distal to the stomach. No air is present in the large intestines. What is the most likely clinical diagnosis?
Duodenal atresia
A 6-week old boy presents with chronic vomiting and choking after feedings. An upper GI study demonstrates regurgitation of dye from the esophagus to the lower lung fields. What is the most likely clinical diagnosis?
Tracheoesophageal fistula, H type
A 6-week oldboy presents with chronic vomiting and choking after feedings, An uper GI study shows blockage of dye at the gastroduodenal border. A thorough examination (sometimes requiring 20-30 min while waiting for the child to relax) reveals an olive-shaped mass in the upper abdomen. What is the most likely clinical diagnosis?
Pyloric stenosis
A 1-yr-old girl presents with severe irritability, vomiting, and bloody diarrhea. Chest x-ray demonstrates a cardiac apex pointing to the right, and the heart is enlarged. Abdominal x-rays show distended bowel loops with no gas in the distal colon. The liver apears midline. A blood smear shows granules in the red cells. What is the most likely clinical diagnosis?
Heterotaxy
The embryologic structure that separates trachea from the esophagus is the what?
Tracheoesophageal septum
The epiglottis develops from the what?
Hypobranchial eminence
Each segmental bronchus and its surrounding mesenchyme become a what?
Bronchopulmonary segement
The terminal sac period of lung development corresponds to what?
24-40 weeks of embryofetal development
An infant is delivered precipitously form a mother with no prenatal care. After resuscitation, the neonate does well for 2-3 hours, but then develops rapid breathing with grunting expirations, bluish appearance around the lips, and is rapid and labored with grunting. Examination of the infant shows a hypotonic, frog-leg posture, incomplete cartilage in the ears, and an elongated occiput. What is the most likely clinical diagnosis?
Lung immaturity
A neonate has shrill, labored inspirations and deep substernal retractions after a normal gestation and delivery. The respiratory distress is relieved immediately by orotracheal intubation. What is the most likely clinical diagnosis?
Laryngeal web
A neonate presents with rapid breathing and mild cyanosis. Auschultation of the lungs show markedly decreased breath sounds on the left, and the heart sounds are shifted to the right. What is the most likely clinical diagnosis?
Lung hypoplasia
A term 2-day-old infant stops breats-feeding after good intake. Respiratory distress develops with increased breathing and grunting expirations. The temperature is slightly low (36.5 C), but the physical examination and general activity seem normal. A chest x-ray shows normal lung fields with air throughout the GI tract. What is the most likely clinical diagnosis?
Neonatal sepsis with pneumonia
A child presents at 2 months with chronic cough, particularly after feeding, and recurrent pneumonia. The chest x-ray is normal, but the upper gastrointestinal series shows that swallowed dye leaks into the lower trachea. The most likely diagnosis is what?
Tracheo-esophageal fistula