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39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
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Iambic
US-S

Bal-LOON
for-gIve
re-mOrse
com-pAre
Trochaic/Trochee
S-US

SO-da
Anapestic
US-US-S

con-tra-DIct
Dactyllic
S-US-US

MA-ni-ac
CA-na-da
CE-le-brate
Spondaic
S-S

MAn-MAde
Prefixes
Mono, Di, Tri, Tetra, Penta, Hexa, Hepta, Octo
Scansion
the analysis of these mechanical elements within a poem to determine meter.
Type of Stanzas (number of lines) 2-4
2-Couplet
3-Tercet
4-Quatrain
Type of Stanzas (number of lines) 5-9
5- cinquain
6-sestet
7-septet
8-octet
Amphibrach
a foot with S-US-S

At-it-tUde
Lyric
subjective, reflective poetry with regular rhyme scheme and meter which reveals the poet's thoughts and feelings to create a single, unique impression.

ex. Andrew Marvell "To His Coy Mistress"
Narrative
Nondramatic, objective verse with regular rhyme scheme and meter which relates a story or narrative

Coleridge, "Kubla Khan"
Shakespearean Sonnet
3 quatrains and concluding couplet in iambic pentameter
abab cdcd efef gg or abba cddc effe gg
Italian Sonnet
Octave and a Sestet

abba,abba cde,cde
Ode
Elaborate lyric verse which deals seriously with a difnified theme
Blank Verse
Unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter
Free Verse
unrhymed lines without regular rhythm
Epic
a long, dignified narrative poem which gives the account of a hero important to his nation or race
Dramatic Monologue
lyric poem in which the speaker tells the audience about a dramatic moment in his/her life and, in doing so, reveals his/her character

T.S. Eliot "Prufrock"
Elegy
a poem of lament, meditating on the death of an individual
Ballad
simple, narrative verse which tells a story to be sung or recited; the folk balled is anonymously handed down, while the literary ballad has a single author
Idyll
lyric poetry describing the life of the shepherd in pastoral, bucolic, idealistic terms
Metaphor
a figure of speech which makes a direct comparisohn of two unlike objects by identification or substitution.

"All the world's a stage"
Simile
a direct comparison of two unlike objects, using like or as.

"And like a thunderbolt he falls"
Conceit
an extended metaphor comparing two unlike objects with powerful effect.
Personification
a figure of speech in which objects and animals have human qualities
Apostrophe
an address to a person or personified object not present.
Metonymy
the substitution of a word which relates to the object or person to be named, in place of the name itself.

"The serpent that did sting thy father's life.
Now wears his crown"
Synechdoche
a figure of speech in which a part represents the whole object or idea.

"Not a hair perished (person)"
Hyperbole
gross exaggeration for effect: overstatement
Litotes
a form of understatement in which the negative of an antonym is used to achieve emphasis and intensity.

"He accused himself, at bottom and not unveraciously, of a fantastic, a demoralized sympathy with her."
Verbal Irony
meaning one thing and saying another
Dramatic Irony
what the speaker says and what he/she means, and what the speaker says and the author means
Situational Irony
when the reality of a situation differs from the anticipated or intended effect; when something unexpected occurs.
Symbolism
the use of one object to suggest another, hidden object or idea
Imagery
the use of words to respresent things, actions, or ideas by sensory description
Paradox
a statement which appears self-contradictory, but underlines a basis of truth
Oxymoron
contradictory term brought together to express a paradox for strong effect
Allusion
a ref. to an outside fact, event, or other source.