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58 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
understatement
opposite of exaggeration
primary theme
is the most important theme in the story
puns
play on words
backdrop setting
unimportant to the plot
sentimentality
dwells on cute and precious
closed ending
an ending that is complete and the reader feels he/she knows how the story ends
rhyme
repetition of a stressed sound
resolution
the conclusion of the story and end of the struggle
complications
things that happen in the story that the character must overcome
character
people or things in the story
narrative order
the sequence of events
cliffhanger
an abrupt or sudden ending at an exciting and often dangerous time in the plot
open ending
the reader must draw his or her own conclusions because it is not clear how the story ends
protagonist
the central character in the plot's conflict
round character
a fully developed character with many traits, both bad and good
climax
the peak or turning point of action
flat character
not a fully developed character
antagonist
the force in conflict with the protagonist
chronological
the events are told in the order they happen
exposition
the beginning of the story that includes an explanation of the situation and the condition of the characters
flashback
the author tells an event that took place before the current time
time lapse
the story skips a period of time
falling action
after the climax
foreshadowing
planting of hints about what will happen later
rising action
when the excitement is building leading to the climax
standard written style
sounds natural
conversational style
language is more informal, sounds more like the way people really talk
theme
underlying meaing of the story
simile
compares two different things, using the words "as" "like" or "than"
setting
includes the place and the time period that the story takes place
dialect
easiest to read, word order is used to suggest a difference from normal speech
personification
gives human traits to animals, nonhuman beings or inanimate objects
figurative language
uses words in a nonliteral way, giving them meaning beyond their ordinary one
consonance
repetition of consonants sounds anywhere in the words
alliteration
repetition of initial consonants
devices of sound
can increase pleasure and clarity
onomatopoeia
the use of words that sound like their meaning, skirt swishes
hyperbole
exaggeration
rhythm
recurring flow of strong and weak beats in a phrase
assonance
repetition of vowel sounds in a phrase
symbol
something which is literal and symbolic
meter
regular rhythmic pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables found in a line of poetry
allusion
indirect reference to something outside the current literary work
metaphor
an implied comparison stating the resemblance between two things
inevitability
something that is will happen and is inescapable
implicit theme
not directly stated, it is implied
explicit theme
stated openly
secondary theme
less important theme
suspense
tense, uncertain action which keeps the reader reading
imagery
an appeal to any of the senses--taste, touch, sight, sound, and smell
style
the language used in a book, the way words are put together to create the story
sensationalism
unrelieved suspense
conflict
a struggle against some outside enemy or some internal problem
integral setting
is essential to the plot, it influences action, character or theme
internal conflict
struggle with some inner problem such as fear or anger
external conflict
struggle with some outside problem such as a bad storm, a vicious animal or another person
plot
the sequence of events which involves the characters in conflict
coincidence
events which happen by chance