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17 Cards in this Set

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Visible light is one particular type of ______.
electromagnetic radiation
Different types of radiation are distinguished by their ____. It's also the distance between corresponding points on adjacent waves
wave length
The number of waves that pass a given point per unit of time
frequency
Amount of energy required to move an electron from its present energy level to the next higher one is ______
quantum
A particle of electromagnetic radiation having 0 mass and carrying a quantum of energy is _____
photon
Electrons are in the lowest possible energy level
groundstate
Energy is absorbed so that its electrons are boosted to higher energy levels
excited state
A region of an atom in which there is a high probability of finding electrons
orbital
____ states that it is impossible to determine both the position and the velocity of an electron at the same time.
Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
____ describes the size of the energy level that electron occupies
principle quantum number
______ describes the shape of the electrons sublevel
angular momentum quantum number.
___ describes the specific orbital within the sublevel of the electron
magnetic quantum
_____ describes the spin of the electron
spin quantum
What is the principle?

Opposite spins...?
Pauli's Exclusion
Each have to have orbital before pairing = which principle?
Hund's Rule
What are the four "special" elements that follow Hund's Rule that were discussed in class?
Cr - [Ar]4s13d5
Cu - [Ar]4s13d10
Mo - [Kr]5s14d5
Ag - 5s14d10
What is a dot diagram?
A visual representation of valence electrons.